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Marine Biology

, Volume 160, Issue 10, pp 2647–2661 | Cite as

Phenotypic flexibility in response to environmental salinity in the euryhaline crab Neohelice granulata from the mudflat and the saltmarsh of a SW coastal lagoon

  • Silvina A. Pinoni
  • María Soledad Michiels
  • Alejandra A. López MañanesEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

This study constitutes a first attempt to investigate intraspecific differences in osmoregulatory capacity and digestive and metabolic responses at the biochemical level in relation to hyper- and hypo-regulation in a single species of estuarine crab inhabiting contrasting habitats within a same intertidal area. We compared hemolymph osmolality, key digestive enzymes, glycemia and energy reserves in Neohelice granulata (Dana in Proc Acad Nat Sci Philadelphia 5:247–254, 1851) from the mudflat and saltmarsh of Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon (37°32′/37°45′S-57°19′/57°26′W) under a wide range of salinities (6–60 psu). Individuals from both sites exhibited high and similar osmoregulatory capacity, but while in individuals from mudflat low and high salinities affected lipase activity in hepatopancreas and triglycerides in muscle, in crabs from saltmarsh, high salinities affected glycogen in anterior gills. Low salinity differentially affected free glucose in anterior gills. The results suggest the occurrence of intraspecific distinct digestive and metabolic adjustments in relation to osmoregulatory responses and habitat.

Keywords

Triglyceride Content Digestive Enzyme Activity Free Glucose Biochemical Adaptation Salinity Acclimation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by grants from the University of Mar del Plata, Argentina (EXA EXA601/12), and from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de Argentina (CONICET) (PIP OO21/11). MSM has a doctoral fellowship from CONICET.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvina A. Pinoni
    • 1
  • María Soledad Michiels
    • 1
  • Alejandra A. López Mañanes
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Universidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina

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