Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 158, Issue 1, pp 59–72 | Cite as

Different food preferences in four sympatric deep-sea Macrourid fishes

  • Darren W. StevensEmail author
  • Matthew R. Dunn
Original Paper

Abstract

Feeding habits of the four most abundant deep-sea demersal trawl-caught macrourids on Chatham Rise, New Zealand, were examined from stomach contents. Two species were predominantly benthic foragers: Coelorinchus bollonsi on infaunal and epifaunal polychaetes, and C. aspercephalus on epifaunal crustaceans; and two species were predominantly mesopelagic foragers; C. oliverianus on calanoid copepods, and Lepidorhynchus denticulatus on mesopelagic crustaceans. The most important predictors of diet variability were identified using distance-based linear models and included areal predictors in all four species, fish size in C. aspercephalus, C. bollonsi and L. denticulatus, and sample year in C. bollonsi. Cluster analyses showed that the diets of C. aspercephalus and C. bollonsi were most distinct. There was a greater interspecific similarity in diet in the spatial and fish size subgroups of C. oliverianus and L. denticulatus, than at the species level. Failing to account for areal, temporal, and ontogenetic variability in diets may bias evaluations of resource competition.

Keywords

Polychaete Prey Item Calanoid Copepod Bottom Temperature Gammarid Amphipod 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Amelia Connell, Jeff Forman, Shane Ahyong, Niel Bruce, Graham Fenwick, Dennis Gordon, Niamh Kilgallen, Anne-Nina Loerz, Peter Notman, Geoff Read, Kareen Schnabel, Rob Stewart, and Erika Mackay (all NIWA), Bruce Marshall and Rick Webber (Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa), Yves Cherel (Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, France), and Oliver Coleman (Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin) for assistance in prey identification. Peter McMillan provided advice on macrourid biology and distribution, and Jeff Drazen (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California) and 2 anonymous reviewers provided constructive comments on the draft manuscript. This work was part-funded by the New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries projects ZBD2004-02 and ENV2007-06, the New Zealand Foundation for Research, Science and Technology project C01X0501 (Coasts and Oceans OBI, IO2), and NIWA capability fund CF103183. Thanks to the staff on the RV Tangaroa surveys for collection of the samples.

Supplementary material

227_2010_1542_MOESM1_ESM.doc (450 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 450 kb)

References

  1. Alonso MK, Crespo AE, García AN, Pedraza NS, Mariotti AP, Mora JN (2002) Fishery and ontogenetic driven changes in the diet of the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias, in Patagonian waters, Argentina. Environ Biol Fishes 63:193–202. doi: 10.1023/A:101422943237 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson ME (2005) Food habits of some deep-sea fish off South Africa’s west coast and Agulhas Bank. 1. The grenadiers (Teleostei: Macrouridae). Afr J Mar Sci 27:409–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson OF, Bagley NW, Hurst RJ, Francis MP, Clark MR, McMillan PJ (1998) Atlas of New Zealand fish and squid distributions from research bottom trawls. NIWA Tech Rep 42:303pGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson MJ, Gorley RN, Clarke KR (2008) PERMANOVA + for PRIMER: guide to software and statistical methods. PRIMER-E, PlymouthGoogle Scholar
  5. Avery DE, Green J, Durbin EG (1996) The distribution and abundance of pelagic gammarid amphipods on Georges Bank and Nantucket Shoals. Deep Sea Res I 43:1521–1532. doi: 10.1016/S0967-0645(96)00045-8 Google Scholar
  6. Bailey DM, Wagner H-J, Jamieson AJ, Ross MF, Priede IG (2007) A taste of the deep-sea: the roles of gustatory and tactile searching behaviour in the grenadier fish Coryphaenoides armatus. Deep Sea Res I 54:99–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bergstad OA, Gjelsvik G, Schander C, Høines ÅS (2010) Feeding ecology of Coryphaenoides rupestris from the mid-atlantic ridge. PLoS ONE 5:e10453. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010453 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blaber SJM, Bulman CM (1987) Diets of fishes of the upper continental slope of eastern Tasmania: content, calorific values, dietary overlap and trophic relationships. Mar Biol 95:345–356. doi: 10.1007/BF00409564 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bradford-Grieve JM, Boyd PW, Chang FH, Chiswell S, Hadfield M, Hall JA, James MR, Nodder SD, Shushkina EA (1999) Pelagic ecosystem structure and functioning in the Subtropical Front region east of New Zealand in austral winter and spring 1993. J Plankton Res 21:406–428. doi: 10.1093/plankt/21.3.405 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bull B, Livingston ME, Hurst R, Bagley N (2001) Upper-slope fish communities on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand, 1992–99. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 35:795–815. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2001.9517043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carrassón M, Matallanas J (2002) Diets of deep-sea macrourid fishes in the western Mediterranean. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 234:215–228. doi: 10.3354/meps234215 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clark MR (1985a) The food and feeding of seven fish species from the Campbell Plateau, New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 19:339–363. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1985.9516100 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Clark MR (1985b) Feeding relationships of seven fish species from the Campbell Plateau, New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 19:365–374. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1985.9516101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Clark MR, King KJ, McMillan PJ (1989) The food and feeding relationships of black oreo, Allocyttus niger, smooth oreo, Pseudocyttus maculatus, and eight other fish species from the continental slope of the south-west Chatham Rise, New Zealand. J Fish Biol 35:465–484. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1989.tb02999.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clarke KR, Gorley RN (2006) PRIMER v6. PRIMER-E, PlymouthGoogle Scholar
  16. Clarke KR, Warwick RM (2006) Change in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation, 2nd edn. PRIMER-E, PlymouthGoogle Scholar
  17. Cohen DM, Inada T, Iwamoto T, Scialabba N (1990) FAO species catalogue. Vol 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis 125. FAO, Rome 442pGoogle Scholar
  18. Cortés E (1997) A critical review of methods of studying fish feeding based on analysis of stomach contents: application to elasmobranch fishes. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 54:726–738. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-54-3-726 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. De Leo FC, Smith CR, Rowden AA, Bowden DA, Clark MR (2010) Submarine canyons: hotspots of benthic biomass and productivity in the deep sea. Proc R Soc B. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0462
  20. Drazen JC, Buckley TW, Hoff GR (2001) The feeding habits of slope dwelling macrourid fishes in the eastern North Pacific. Deep Sea Res I 48:909–935. doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00058-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Drazen JC, Popp BN, Choy CA, Clemente T, De Forest L, Smith KL (2008) Bypassing the abyssal benthic food web: Macrourid diet in the eastern North Pacific inferred from stomach content and stable isotopes analyses. Limnol Oceanogr 53:2644–2654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Drazen JC, Phleger CF, Guest MA, Nichols PD (2009) Lipid composition and diet inferences in abyssal macrourids of the eastern North Pacific. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 387:1–14. doi: 10.3354/meps08106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dunn MR (2009) Feeding habits of the ommastrephid squid Nototodarus sloanii on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 43:1103–1113. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2009.9626533 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dunn MR, Griggs L, Forman J, Horn P (2010) Feeding habits and niche separation among the deep-sea chimaeroid fishes Harriotta raleighana, Hydrolagus bemisi and Hydrolagus novaezealandiae. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 407:209–225. doi: 10.3354/meps08580 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Francis RC, Hixon MA, Clarke E, Murawski SA, Ralston S (2007) Ten commandments for ecosystem-based fisheries scientists. Fisheries 32:217–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Heath RA (1985) A review of the physical oceanography of the seas around New Zealand–1982. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 19:79–124. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1985.9516077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hoff GR, Buckley TW, Drazen JC, Duncan KM (2000) Biology and ecology of Nezumia liolepis and N. stelgidolepis from the west coast of North America. J Fish Biol 57:662–680. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2000.tb00267.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Horn PL, Forman J, Dunn MR (2010) Feeding habits of alfonsino, Beryx splendens, on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. J Fish Biol 76:2382–2400. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02630.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hyslop EJ (1980) Stomach contents analysis: review of methods and their applications. J Fish Biol 17:411–429. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1980.tb02775.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Iwamoto T (2008) A brief taxonomic history of Grenadiers. In: Orlov AM, Iwamoto T (eds) Grenadiers of the world oceans: biology, stock assessment, and fisheries. American Fisheries Society Symposium 63, Bethesda, pp 3–13Google Scholar
  31. Jaksic FM, Medel RG (1990) Objective recognition of guilds: testing for statistically significant species clusters. Oecologia 82:87–92. doi: 10.1007/BF00318537 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones MRL (2008a) Dietary analysis of Coryphaenoides serrulatus, C. subserrulatus and several other species of macrourid fish (Pisces: Macrouridae) from northeastern Chatham Rise, New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 42:73–84. doi: 10.1080/00288330809509937 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jones MRL (2008b) Biology and diet of Coryphaenoides subserrulatus and Etmopterus baxteri from the Puysegur region, southern New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 42:333–337. doi: 10.1080/00288330809509961 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jones MRL (2009) Diets of eight fish species from the upper slope off the Wairarapa coast, North Island, New Zealand, with notes on the diets of others. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 43:929–939. doi: 10.1080/00288330909510051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Laptikhovsky VV (2005) A trophic ecology of two grenadier species (Macrouridae, Pisces) in deep waters of the Southwest Atlantic. Deep Sea Res I 52:1502–1514. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2005.03.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Leathwick JR, Elith J, Francis MP, Hastie T, Taylor P (2006) Variation in demersal fish species richness in the oceans surrounding New Zealand: an analysis using boosted regression trees. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 321:267–281. doi: 10.3354/meps321267 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Livingston ME, Bull B, Stevens DW, Bagley NW (2002) A review of hoki and middle depth trawl surveys of the Chatham Rise, January 1992–2001. NIWA Tech Rep 113, NIWA, WellingtonGoogle Scholar
  38. Macpherson E (1979) Ecological overlap between macrourids in the western Mediterranean Sea. Mar Biol 53:149–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Madurell T, Cartes JE (2006) Trophic relationships and food consumption of slope dwelling macrourids from the bathyal Ionian Sea (eastern Mediterranean). Mar Biol 148:1325–1338. doi: 10.1007/s00227-005-0158-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mauchline J, Gordon JDM (1984) Diets and bathymetric distributions of the macrourid fish of the Rockall Trough, northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Mar Biol 81:107–121. doi: 10.1007/BF00393109 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. McClatchie S, Dunford A (2003) Estimated biomass of vertically migrating mesopelagic fish off New Zealand. Deep Sea Res I 50:1263–1281. doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(03)00128-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. McKnight DG, Probert PK (1997) Epibenthic communities on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 31:505–513. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1997.9516784 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McLellan T (1977) Feeding strategies of the macrourids. Deep Sea Res 24:1019–1036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Merrett NR, Marshall NB (1981) Observations on the ecology of deep-sea bottom-living fishes collected off northwest Africa (08°–27°N). Prog Oceanog 9:185–244. doi: 10.1016/0079-6611(80)90002-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Murphy RJ, Pinkerton MH, Richardson KM, Bradford-Grieve JM, Boyd PW (2001) Phytoplankton distributions around New Zealand derived from SeaWiFS remotely-sensed ocean colour data. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 35:343–362. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2001.9517005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nelson JS (2006) Fishes of the world, 4th edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  47. Nodder SD, Northcote LC (2001) Episodic particulate fluxes at southern temperate mid-latitudes (42–45°S) in the Subtropical Front region, east of New Zealand. Deep Sea Res I 48:833–864. doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00062-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Nodder SD, Pilditch CA, Probert PK, Hall JA (2003) Variability in benthic biomass and activity beneath the Subtropical Front, Chatham Rise, SW Pacific Ocean. Deep Sea Res I 50:959–985. doi: 10.1016/S0967-0637(03)00094-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. O’Driscoll RL, Gauthier S, Devine JA (2009) Acoustic estimates of mesopelagic fish: as clear as day and night? ICES J Mar Sci 66:1310–1317. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsp015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pearcy WG, Ambler LW (1974) Food habits of deep-sea macrourid fishes off the Oregon Coast. Deep Sea Res 21:745–759Google Scholar
  51. Probert PK, Grove SL, McKnight DG, Read GB (1996) Polychaete distribution on the Chatham Rise, Southwest Pacific. Int Revue ges Hydrobiol 81:577–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Robertson DA, Roberts PE, Wilson JB (1978) Mesopelagic faunal transition across the Subtropical Convergence east of New Zealand. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 12:295–312. doi: 10.1080/00288330.1978.9515757 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Stevens DW, O’Driscoll RL, Horn PL (2009) Trawl survey of hoki and middle depth species on the Chatham Rise, January 2008 (TAN0801). N Z Fish Assess Rep 2009/18Google Scholar
  54. Stowasser G, McAllen R, Pierce GJ, Collins MA, Moffat CF (2009) Trophic position of deep-sea fish—Assessment through fatty acid and stable isotope analyses. Deep Sea Res I 56:812–826. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2008.12.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sutton P (2001) Detailed structure of the subtropical front over Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand. J Geophys Res 106:31045–31056. doi: 10.1029/2000JC000562 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tirasin EM, Jørgensen T (1999) An evaluation of the precision of diet description. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 182:243–252. doi: 10.3354/meps182243 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Uddstrom MJ, Oien NA (1999) On the use of high-resolution satellite data to describe the spatial and temporal variability of sea surface temperatures in the New Zealand region. J Geophys Res 104:20729–20751. doi: 10.1029/1999JC900167 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research LtdWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations