Flat Steady States in Stellar Dynamics – Existence and Stability
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We consider a special case of the three dimensional Vlasov–Poisson system where the particles are restricted to a plane, a situation that is used in astrophysics to model extremely flattened galaxies. We prove the existence of steady states of this system. They are obtained as minimizers of an energy-Casimir functional from which fact a certain dynamical stability property is deduced. From a mathematics point of view these steady states provide examples of singular solutions of the three dimensional Vlasov–Poisson system.
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