European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 214, Issue 5, pp 429–434

Safety of food contact silicone rubber: Liberation of volatile compounds from soothers and teats

  • Kirsten H. Lund
  • Jens Petersen
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00217-001-0484-8

Cite this article as:
Lund, K.H. & Petersen, J. Eur Food Res Technol (2002) 214: 429. doi:10.1007/s00217-001-0484-8


The release of volatile compounds from soothers and teats made from silicone rubber has been investigated. Firstly, measurements of the total release of volatiles were performed according to the method in the draft European standard (CEN). Weight losses of 0.17–0.80% after four hours at 200 °C were observed using gravimetric measurements. One product had a weight loss above the proposed CEN limit of 0.5%. Secondly, the volatile compounds were identified using a thermal desorption/cold trap injector on a gas chromatograph equipped with infrared spectroscopic (IR) and mass spectrometric (MS) detectors. The main compounds were siloxane oligomers and aliphatic hydrocarbons. One teat released about 0.1 mg diethyl phthalate (DEP), which is considered to be quite a high quantity. Limited amounts of the antioxidant 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene (BHT) were found in most samples.

Food contact silicone GC-IR-MS CEN Thermal desorption Soothers Teats 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirsten H. Lund
    • 1
  • Jens Petersen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, 19 Mørkhøj Bygade, 2860 Søborg, Denmark

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