Cation-exchange isolation and ICP-AES determination of rare earth elements in geological silicate materials

Abstract

An ion-exchange ICP-AES method for the determination of 14 rare earth elements (REEs) and Y in geological materials is described. The separation of REEs from Ba using a Dowex 50W-X8 cation resin is especially considered since Ba is an excellent internal standard for REE determination by this technique. Although total recovery with either HCl or HNO3 may be achieved, it is advantageous to use both acids sequentially. Volume and concentration of the acids are optimized attaining a quantitative separation of REEs from Ba by the introduction of the sample solution in a 1.75 mol/l HCl medium, followed by elution with 2 mol/l HNO3 to remove matrix elements and with 7 mol/l HNO3 to elute the analytes. The total elution volume is significantly reduced without decreasing the efficiency. The behaviour of the matrix constituents under the selected conditions is also studied, evaluating their elution percentages in each step. The final solution obtained contains only the REEs and Y, with the bulk of Sc and minor amounts of Cr, Fe, Hf and Ta. Experimental data for 5 geological reference standards (NIM-G, GSP-1, AGV-1, NIM-L and NIM-S) are reported. Good agreement between the present results and previously accepted values by various analytical techniques is observed.

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Received: 8 March 1996 / Revised: 3 May 1996 / Accepted: 8 May 1996

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Rucandio, M. Cation-exchange isolation and ICP-AES determination of rare earth elements in geological silicate materials. Fresenius J Anal Chem 357, 661–669 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/s002160050231

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Keywords

  • HNO3
  • Elution Volume
  • Geological Material
  • Total Recovery
  • Silicate Material