Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 410, Issue 6, pp 1833–1843 | Cite as

Storage stability study of porcine hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by use of a newly developed and fully validated highly sensitive HPLC-MS/MS method

  • Wim Schelstraete
  • Mathias Devreese
  • Siska Croubels
Research Paper


Microsomes are an ideal medium to investigate cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme-mediated drug metabolism. However, before microsomes are prepared, tissues can be stored for a long time. Studies about the stability of these enzymes in porcine hepatic and intestinal tissues upon storage are lacking. To be able to investigate CYP450 stability in microsomes prepared from these tissues, a highly sensitive and rapid HPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of six CYP450 metabolites in incubation medium was developed and validated. The metabolites, paracetamol (CYP1A), 7-hydroxy-coumarin (CYP2A), 1-hydroxy-midazolam (CYP3A), 4-hydroxy-tolbutamide (CYP2C), dextrorphan (CYP2D), and 6-hydroxy-chlorzoxazone (CYP2E) were extracted with ethyl acetate at pH 1.0, followed by evaporation and separation on an Agilent Zorbax Eclipse Plus C18 column. The method was fully validated in a GLP-compliant laboratory according to European guidelines and was highly sensitive (LOQ = 0.25–2.5 ng/mL), selective, had good precision (RSD-within, 1.0–9.1%; RSD-between, 1.0–18.4%) and accuracy (within-run, 83.3–102%; between-run, 78.5–102%), and showed no relative signal suppression and enhancement. Consequently, this method was applied to study the stability of porcine hepatic and intestinal CYP450 isoenzymes when tissues were stored at − 80 °C. The results indicate that porcine CYP450 isoenzymes are stable in tissues at least up to 4 months when snap frozen and stored at − 80 °C. Moreover, the results indicate differences in porcine CYP450 stability compared to rat, rabbit, and fish CYP450, as observed by other research groups, hence stressing the importance to investigate the CYP450 stability of a specific species.


HPLC-MS/MS Pig Cytochrome P450 Stability Liver Intestine 



This work was supported by the Ghent University Special Research Fund grant BOF. DOC.2015.0075.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Welfare of animals

All procedures followed were in accordance to the ethical standards of the ethical committee of the Faculties of Veterinary Medicine and Bioscience Engineering of Ghent University. The pigs were subject to the approval with number EC2015_113.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wim Schelstraete
    • 1
  • Mathias Devreese
    • 1
  • Siska Croubels
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineGhent UniversityMerelbekeBelgium

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