Sodium selenite ameliorates both intestinal and extra-intestinal changes in acetic acid-induced colitis in rats

  • Samar M. Soliman
  • Walaa Wadie
  • Samia A. Shouman
  • Afaf A. Ainshoka
Original Article


Selenium and its derivatives including sodium selenite (sod sel) belong to the group of essential trace elements needed for proper health and nutrition. They are fairly safe and possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of present investigation was to elucidate the effect of sod sel on experimental colitis model in rats. Colitis was induced by intrarectal instillation of 4% (v/v) acetic acid. Two hours later, sod sel was given to rats on a daily basis for 15 consecutive days. Clinical symptoms, colon mass index, spleen weight inflammatory markers, hematological, biochemical, macroscopic, and histological changes were determined. Sod sel markedly ameliorated colitis as evidenced by a significant decrease in macroscopic and microscopic score, disease activity index, colon mass index, and spleen weight. Treatment with sod sel attenuated oxidative stress in the colon by normalizing the colonic content of nitric oxide, malondialdehyde, and reduced glutathione, as well as the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, and junctional adhesion molecule (JAM-a). In addition, it significantly reduced colonic myeloperoxidase content, the intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), and the proinflammatory cytokines; TNF-α, IL-1β. Moreover, sod sel normalized hematological parameters, serum transaminases, and kidney and liver function enzymes. The current study indicates that sod sel was effective in ameliorating the intestinal and extra-intestinal manifestation in acetic acid-induced colitis through its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory effects.


Colitis Sodium selenite Immunomodulatory ICAM-1 JAM-a TNF-α 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samar M. Soliman
    • 1
  • Walaa Wadie
    • 2
  • Samia A. Shouman
    • 3
  • Afaf A. Ainshoka
    • 2
  1. 1.Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of PharmacyAl Ahram Canadian UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of PharmacyCairo UniversityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer InstituteCairo UniversityCairoEgypt

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