Transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are known to influence the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of substrate drugs. However, no detailed information is as yet available about functional activity and substrate spectra of chicken P-gp and BCRP. In this study, BCRP single and BCRP/P-gp double-transfected MDCK cell lines (named MDCK-chAbcg2 and MDCK-chAbcg2/Abcb1, respectively) were generated using lentiviral vector system to develop reliable systems for screening the substrates for these two transporters and study the interplay between them. The constructed cell lines significantly expressed functional exogenous proteins and expression persisted for at least 50 generations with no decrease. Enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, tilmicosin, sulfadiazine, ampicillin and clindamycin were classified as the substrates of chicken P-gp according to the rules suggested by FDA, as their net efflux ratios were greater than two. Similarly, enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, tilmicosin, florfenicol, ampicillin and clindamycin were classified as the substrates of BCRP. Among these drugs, enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, tilmicosin, ampicillin, and clindamycin were the cosubstrates of P-gp and BCRP, however, chicken BCRP and P-gp exhibit different affinities to the shared substrates at different concentrations by blocking either one or both transport with specific inhibitors in the coexpression system. It was also found that ceftiofur, amoxicillin and doxycycline were not substrates of either chicken BCRP or the substrates of chicken P-gp. These constructed cell models provide useful systems for high-throughput screening of the potential substrates of chicken BCRP and P-gp as well as the drug–drug interaction mediated via chicken BCRP and P-gp.
Chicken BCRP Chicken P-gp MDCK Lentiviral vector system Drug–drug interaction
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This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFD0501309), Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province and Qinlan Project of Jiangsu Province (2014).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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