A reduced switch extendable-level inverter-fed open-end winding PMSM drive

Abstract

The advancement of multilevel inverters has led to an increase in efficiency and reliability. This paper demonstrates the design and implementation of a reduced switch extendable-level inverter-fed open-end winding permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drive. Unlike traditional multilevel inverter topologies, output voltage levels in the proposed inverter depend on the operating frequency of the switches. As the frequency of operation is very high, the levels in the output voltage reach infinity and hence the term extendable-level inverter. It achieves infinite voltage output levels, with a reduced component count. The configuration of the open-end winding enables the application of the AC voltage directly to the independent motor phases and hence achieves the merits of operation at a reduced input DC voltage. The proposed drive achieves a very high DC-link voltage utilization, reduced inverter switching losses, enhanced power quality, and excellent dynamic response using a single DC source and a minimum number of components. A comparative analysis of the proposed drive with different MLI-fed OEWPMSM drives in terms of the component count and total harmonic distortion is provided. FPGA-based improved sinusoidal PWM control of the proposed drive reduces execution time and enhances the control performance of the inverter. Dynamic characteristics of the proposed drive are provided for analyzing the dynamic response of the drive to a step change in load torque. The proposed drive is simulated using MATLAB/Simulink platform for theoretical analysis and evaluation. The experimental prototype is designed and implemented for validating the proposed drive operation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20

Availability of data and materials

Not applicable.

References

  1. 1.

    Rajalakshmi S, Rangarajan DP (2019) Investigation of modified multilevel inverter topology for PV system. Microprocess Microsyst 71:102870. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2019.102870

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Rodríguez J, Lai JS, Peng FZ (2002) Multilevel inverters: a survey of topologies, controls, and applications. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 49:724–738. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2002.801052

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Kala P, Arora S (2017) A comprehensive study of classical and hybrid multilevel inverter topologies for renewable energy applications. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 76:905–931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.02.008

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Zambra DAB, Rech C, Pinheiro JR (2010) Comparison of neutral-point-clamped, symmetrical, and hybrid asymmetrical multilevel inverters. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 57:2297–2306. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2040561

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Rodríguez J, Bernet S, Wu B, Pontt JO, Kouro S (2007) Multilevel voltage-source-converter topologies for industrial medium-voltage drives. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 54:2930–2945. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2007.907044

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Suresh Y, Venkataramanaiah J, Panda AK, Dhanamjayulu C, Venugopal P (2017) Investigation on cascade multilevel inverter with symmetric, asymmetric, hybrid and multi-cell configurations. Ain Shams Eng J 8:263–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2016.09.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Prabaharan N, Palanisamy K (2017) A comprehensive review on reduced switch multilevel inverter topologies, modulation techniques and applications. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 76:1248–1282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.121

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Joy MC, Chaithanya V, Jayanand B (2017) Three-phase infinite level inverter. In: 1st IEEE international conference on power electronics, intelligent control and energy systems, ICPEICES 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

  9. 9.

    Joy MC, Jayanand B (2017) Three-phase infinite level inverter fed induction motor drive. In: IEEE international conference on power electronics, drives and energy systems, PEDES 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp 1–5

  10. 10.

    Mohan S, Jose Sebastian TK, Gopinath A, Jaya B, Namboothiripad MN (2015) Modeling and simulation of high power open end winding based electromechanical actuator for aerospace applications. In: Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE international conference on power and advanced control engineering, ICPACE 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp 36–41

  11. 11.

    Chu L, Jia YF, Chen DS, Xu N, Wang YW, Tang X, Xu Z (2017) Research on control strategies of an open-end winding permanent magnet synchronous driving motor (OW-PMSM)-equipped dual inverter with a switchable winding mode for electric vehicles. Energies. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10050616

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Neubert M, Koschik S, De Doncker RW (2014) Performance comparison of inverter and drive configurations with open-end and star-connected windings. In: 2014 international power electronics conference, IPEC-Hiroshima—ECCE Asia 2014. IEEE Computer Society, pp 3145–3152

  13. 13.

    Rovere L, Formentini A, Calzo GL, Zanchetta F, Cox T (2017) IGBT-SiC dual fed open end winding PMSM drive. In: 2017 IEEE international electric machines and drives conference, IEMDC 2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

  14. 14.

    Sandulescu P, Meinguet F, Kestelyn X, Semail E, Bruyere A (2014) Control strategies for open-end winding drives operating in the flux-weakening region. IEEE Trans Power Electron 29:4829–4842. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2283107

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    An Q, Liu J, Peng Z, Sun L, Sun L (2016) Dual-space vector control of open-end winding permanent magnet synchronous motor drive fed by dual inverter. IEEE Trans Power Electron 31:8329–8342. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2520999

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Mohd Said NA, Priestley M, Dutta R, Fletcher JE (2016) Torque ripple minimization in dual inverter open-end winding PMSM drives with non-sinusoidal back-EMFs by harmonic current suppression. In: IECON proceedings (industrial electronics conference). IEEE Computer Society, pp 2975–2980

  17. 17.

    Lee Y, Ha JI (2013) Power enhancement of dual inverter for open-end permanent magnet synchronous motor. In: Conference proceedings—IEEE applied power electronics conference and exposition—APEC, pp 1545–1551

  18. 18.

    Committee D, Power I, Society E (2014) IEEE Std 519-2014 (Revision of IEEE Std 519-1992)

  19. 19.

    Diab MS, Massoud AM, Ahmed S, Williams BW (2018) A dual modular multilevel converter with high-frequency magnetic links between submodules for MV open-end stator winding machine drives. IEEE Trans Power Electron 33:5142–5159. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2017.2735195

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Sun F, Jin MJ, Hao H, Shen JX (2016) Investigation of decoupled PWM strategy for a three-phase open-end winding permanent magnet synchronous motor using a five-leg inverter. In: 2016 IEEE vehicle power and propulsion conference, VPPC 2016—Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

  21. 21.

    Zhang X, Wang K (2018) Current prediction based zero sequence current suppression strategy for the semicontrolled open-winding PMSM generation system with a common DC bus. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 65:6066–6076. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2017.2784353

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Sumper A, Baggini A (2012) Electrical energy efficiency: technologies and applications. Wiley, Hoboken

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Hareesh A, Manisankar B, Jayanand B (2017) A novel three phase infinite level inverter (TILI) topology for induction motor drive application. In: 2017 Asian conference on energy, power and transportation electrification, ACEPT 2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp 1–8

  24. 24.

    Kolli A, Béthoux O, De Bernardinis A, Labouré E, Coquery G (2014) Sensitivity analysis of the control of a three-phase open-end winding H-bridge Drive. In: 2014 IEEE transportation electrification conference and expo: components, systems, and power electronics—from technology to business and public policy, ITEC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Dearborn, USA

  25. 25.

    Kolli A, Bethoux O, De Bernardinis A, Laboure E, Coquery G (2013) Space-vector PWM control synthesis for an h-bridge drive in electric vehicles. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 62:2441–2452. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2013.2246202

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

Not applicable.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

AY designed, coordinated, carried out the experiments and statistical analysis, and drafted the manuscript. GSK participated in the research coordination, read, corrected, and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. Aishwarya.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Aishwarya, V., Sheela, K.G. A reduced switch extendable-level inverter-fed open-end winding PMSM drive. Electr Eng (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00202-021-01215-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • DC-link voltage utilization factor
  • Multilevel inverter
  • Open-end winding PMSM
  • Reduced switch extendable-level inverter
  • Total harmonic distortion
  • Torque ripple