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Effect of the duration of previous osteoporosis treatment on the effect of romosozumab treatment

Abstract

Summary

The effect of romosozumab is affected by previous osteoporosis treatment. Here we showed that the duration of the previous treatment just before romosozumab affects the therapeutic effect of romosozumab. Using denosumab and oral bisphosphonates for more than 1 year attenuates the effect of romosozumab.

Introduction

As an anti-sclerostin antibody, romosozumab suppresses bone resorption and stimulates bone formation. We investigated whether the effectiveness of 12 months of romosozumab treatment depended on the duration of previous treatment with teriparatide, denosumab, or oral bisphosphonates.

Methods

In total, 259 osteoporosis patients received subcutaneous injections of romosozumab (210 mg) every 4 weeks during 2019 and 2020. This study was designed as a pre–post comparison. The end points were the percent changes of bone mineral density (BMD) after 12 months of romosozumab treatment. The patients were divided into seven groups depending on the type and duration of previous treatment before starting romosozumab as follows: non-previous treatment group, change from teriparatide used for 1 year or less/more than 1 year, change from denosumab used for 1 year or less/more than 1 year, and change from oral bisphosphonates used for 1 year or less/more than 1 year.

Results

The effects of previous treatment with teriparatide on the effectiveness of 12-month romosozumab did not clearly depend on the duration of treatment (p > 0.05). In contrast, the effects of previous treatments with denosumab or oral bisphosphonates on the effectiveness of 12-month romosozumab depended on the previous treatment duration, which was reflected by the differences in percent change of the spine BMD (both p < 0.05), however, there were no significant differences in the percent change of the total hip BMD (both p > 0.05).

Conclusion

The duration of the previous treatment affected the effectiveness of romosozumab. Using denosumab and oral bisphosphonate for more than 1 year attenuated the effect of romosozumab.

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Data availability

The data are available from the corresponding authors upon reasonable request.

Code availability

Not applicable.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Enago (www.enago.com) for the manuscript review and editing support.

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Correspondence to K. Wada.

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Ethics approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Tokyo Women’s Medical University Ethics Committee, number 5596.

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Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.

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Not applicable.

Conflict of interest

Ayako Tominaga, Ken Okazaki, Hideharu Nishi, Yasushi Terayama, Yasuteru Kodama, and Yoshiharu Kato declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Keiji Wada received a speaking fee from Amgen Inc.

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Tominaga, A., Wada, K., Okazaki, K. et al. Effect of the duration of previous osteoporosis treatment on the effect of romosozumab treatment. Osteoporos Int 33, 1265–1273 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-021-06261-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-021-06261-2

Keywords

  • Anti-osteoporosis drug
  • Anti-sclerostin antibody
  • BMD
  • Duration of previous treatment
  • Osteoporosis
  • Romosozumab