Long-term efficacy and patient satisfaction of Le Fort colpocleisis for the treatment of severe pelvic organ prolapse

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

The objective was to investigate the long-term efficacy and patient satisfaction of Le Fort colpocleisis for the treatment of severe pelvic organ prolapse.

Methods

This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent Le Fort colpocleisis from January 2007 to August 2018 in our hospital. Follow-up was conducted via outpatient visits or the telephone. Records were reviewed for anatomical recurrence, complications, urinary and intestinal symptoms post-operation, reoperation rate, patient satisfaction, Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score, regret rate etc.

Results

A total of 208 patients underwent follow-up. The follow-up time was 60.7 ± 34.18 (12–140) months. There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative urinary retention occurred in 3.8% of patients (8 out of 208). There was no anatomical recurrence. New or more severe urinary symptoms occurred in 8.7% of patients (18 out of 208); new or more severe intestinal symptoms occurred in 1.9% of patients (4 out of 208). The reoperation rate was 1.44% (3 out of 208). Three cases of reoperation occurred for the following reasons: a case of severe stress urinary incontinence, a case of abscess in the vaginal septum, and a case of uterine malignancy after 2 years of colpocleisis. Patient satisfaction was as follows: 98.6% (205 out of 208) of patients were very satisfied. The PGI-I score was very much improved or improved in 99.5% (207 out of 208) of patients. A total of 0.96% (2 out of 208) of patients regretted undergoing colpocleisis.

Conclusions

The long-term follow-up results showed that Le Fort colpocleisis was a safe and effective surgical procedure associated with high satisfaction. There was a very low regret rate, but the procedure should be taken seriously.

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Acknowledgements

The present work was supported by Prevention and Treatment of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction of Chinese Women Special Scientific Research Funding (Phase II), Chinese Preventive Medical Association (No. 201801006).

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Contributions

Yi-ting Wang: data collection, manuscript writing; Kun Zhang: data collection; Hui-fang Wang: data collection; Jun-fang Yang: data collection; Yao Ying: data collection; Jin-song Han: project development.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jin-song Han.

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Wang, Y., Zhang, K., Wang, H. et al. Long-term efficacy and patient satisfaction of Le Fort colpocleisis for the treatment of severe pelvic organ prolapse. Int Urogynecol J (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04380-8

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Keywords

  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Le Fort colpocleisis
  • Patient satisfaction
  • PGI-I score
  • Regret rate