Journal of Evolutionary Economics

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 119–176 | Cite as

Structural changes and growth regimes

  • Tommaso CiarliEmail author
  • André Lorentz
  • Marco Valente
  • Maria Savona
Regular Article


We study the relation between income distribution and growth, mediated by structural changes on the demand and supply sides. Using the results from a multi-sector growth model, we compare two growth regimes that differ in three aspects: labour relations, competition and consumption patterns. Regime one, similar to Fordism, is assumed to be relatively less unequal, more competitive and to have more homogeneous consumers than regime two, which is similar to post-Fordism. We analyse the parameters that define the two regimes to study the role of the economy’s exogenous institutional features and endogenous structural features on output growth, income distribution, and their relation. We find that regime one exhibits significantly lower inequality, higher output and productivity and lower unemployment compared to regime two, and that both institutional and structural features explain these differences. Most prominent amongst the first group are wage differences, accompanied by capital income and the distribution of bonuses to top managers. The concentration of production magnifies the effect of wage differences on income distribution and output growth, suggesting the relevance of competition norms. Amongst structural determinants, firm organisation and the structure of demand are particularly relevant. The way that final demand is distributed across sectors influences competition and overall market concentration; demand from the least wealthy classes is especially important. We show also the tight linking between institutional and structural determinants. Based on this linking, we conclude by discussing a number of policy implications that emerge from our model.


Structural change Income distribution Competition Consumption behaviour Technological change 

JEL Classification

O41 L16 C63 O14 



We are grateful for comments and suggestions from participants in: EURKIND (Valencia, 2016), Schumpeter Society (Montreal, 2016), SPRU50 (Sussex, 2016) and EAEPE (Manchester, 2016) conferences and seminars at ECLAC, ECLAC summer school and Curitiba. The paper has benefited greatly from comments and suggestions from Robert Blecker, Francesco Lamperti, Carolina Pan, Gabriel Porcile, Anna Salomons, Engelbert Stockhammer, Ariel Wirkierman, an anonymous reviewer of the SPRU Working Paper Series and two anonymous referees of this journal. We acknowledge funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 649186 – Project ISIGrowth.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This paper received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 649186 – Project ISIGrowth.

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tommaso Ciarli
    • 1
    Email author
  • André Lorentz
    • 2
  • Marco Valente
    • 3
    • 5
    • 4
    • 1
  • Maria Savona
    • 1
  1. 1.SPRUUniversity of SussexBrightonUK
  2. 2.CNRS, BETAUniversité de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  3. 3.University of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly
  4. 4.Ruhr-Universitaet BochumBochumGermany
  5. 5.LEMSant’Anna School for Advanced StudiesPisaItaly

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