Milling force prediction model development for CFRP multidirectional laminates and segmented specific cutting energy analysis


This paper presents a milling force model for carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) multidirectional laminates based on segmented specific cutting energy. The proposed model simplifies the milling process of CFRP unidirectional laminates into multiple orthogonal cuttings. The CFRP specific cutting energy was determined by experimental segmentation. An empirical formula for the CFRP segmented specific cutting energy was established, and the milling force of the CFRP multidirectional laminates was predicted using the linear superposition principle. Experimental results confirmed the high accuracy of the milling force model. The specific cutting energy gradually decreased with increasing equivalent cutting thickness. With an increase in the fiber cutting angle θ, the specific cutting energy increased first and then decreased, peaking around θ = π/2.

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All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.


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Materials availability

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.

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This study was supported in part by grants from Key R&D Project of Sichuan Provincial Department of Science and Technology (Project No. 19ZDZX0055).

Author information




Haifeng Ning searched the literature and derived the cutting force model. Hualin Zheng checked the cutting force model and laid out the structure of the article. Shigui Zhang was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. Xinman Yuan completed the experiment in this article. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Hualin Zheng.

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Ning, H., Zheng, H., Zhang, S. et al. Milling force prediction model development for CFRP multidirectional laminates and segmented specific cutting energy analysis. Int J Adv Manuf Technol (2021).

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  • CFRP
  • Anisotropy
  • High-speed milling
  • Specific cutting energy
  • Cutting force model