Experimental investigation on surface functional indices in Ultrasonic Elliptical Vibration Cutting of C45 carbon steel


The tribological performance of a machined surface is greatly influenced by the quality and reliability of manufacturing processes employed in its creation. In the present study, an attempt has been made to investigate the effects of various cutting parameters which include cutting speed, feed rate, depth of cut, and ultrasonic vibration amplitude on surface tribological characteristics of C45 carbon steel while employing surface functional indices, namely, Surface bearing index (Sbi), Core fluid retention index (Sci), and Valley fluid retention index (Svi). Ultrasonic elliptical vibration-assisted turning (UEVT) and conventional turning (CT) experiments were carried out to comparatively assess the performance of both cutting methods in terms of the surface functional parameters’ response. The observed variations of the surface functional indices under the influence of the investigated cutting parameters were critically analyzed, and a detailed comparative discussion based on the surface generation mechanisms of both cutting methods is presented. The results obtained from the 3D surface measurement revealed that the variation trends of the surface functional indices in both processing techniques are relatively the same and the UEVC method was found to have higher potential of improving the overall tribological properties of the machined surface compared with the CC method.

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This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51875097).

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Correspondence to Ping Zou.

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Usman, M.M., Zou, P., Tian, Y. et al. Experimental investigation on surface functional indices in Ultrasonic Elliptical Vibration Cutting of C45 carbon steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 109, 187–200 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-05661-8

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  • Ultrasonic Elliptical Vibration Cutting (UEVC)
  • Conventional cutting (CC)
  • Surface functional indices (surface functional parameters)
  • Tribological characteristics
  • Machined surface