The tribological performance of a machined surface is greatly influenced by the quality and reliability of manufacturing processes employed in its creation. In the present study, an attempt has been made to investigate the effects of various cutting parameters which include cutting speed, feed rate, depth of cut, and ultrasonic vibration amplitude on surface tribological characteristics of C45 carbon steel while employing surface functional indices, namely, Surface bearing index (Sbi), Core fluid retention index (Sci), and Valley fluid retention index (Svi). Ultrasonic elliptical vibration-assisted turning (UEVT) and conventional turning (CT) experiments were carried out to comparatively assess the performance of both cutting methods in terms of the surface functional parameters’ response. The observed variations of the surface functional indices under the influence of the investigated cutting parameters were critically analyzed, and a detailed comparative discussion based on the surface generation mechanisms of both cutting methods is presented. The results obtained from the 3D surface measurement revealed that the variation trends of the surface functional indices in both processing techniques are relatively the same and the UEVC method was found to have higher potential of improving the overall tribological properties of the machined surface compared with the CC method.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Zhang J, Cui T, Ge C, Sui Y, Yang H (2016) Review of micro/nano machining by utilizing elliptical vibration cutting. Int J Mach Tool Manu 106:109–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2016.04.008
Shamoto E, Moriwaki T (1994) Study on elliptical vibration cutting. CIRP Ann 43(1):35–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)62158-1
He Y, Zou P, Zhu WL, Ehmann KF (2017) Ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting of hard materials: Simulation and experimental study. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91(1–4):363–374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-9716-8
Zhao H, Li S, Zou P, Kang D (2017) Process modeling study of the ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting of Inconel 718. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91:2055–2068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0266-5
Zou P, Xu Y, He Y, Chen M, Wu H (2015) Experimental investigation of ultrasonic vibration assisted turning of 304 austenitic stainless steel. Shock Vib 11(1-19):1988–1996. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/817598
Suzuki N, Yokoi H, Shamoto E (2011) Micro/nano sculpturing of hardened steel by controlling vibration amplitude in elliptical vibration cutting. J Precis Eng 35(1):44–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2010.09.006
Zhen Y, Yucan F, Jiuhua X, Hua L, Ziyang C, Yurong C (2016) A novel single driven ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting device. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 90:3289–3300
Jawahir IS, Brinksmeier E, M’Saoubi R, Aspinwall DK, Outeiro JC, Meyer D, Jayal AD (2011) Surface integrity in material removal processes: recent advances. CIRP Ann 60(2):603–626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2011.05.002
Stout KJ, Davis EJ (1984) Surface topography of cylinder bores-the relationship between manufacture, characterization and function. Wear 95(2):111–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(84)90111-X
Dong WP, Sullivan PJ, Stout KJ (1994) Comprehensive study of parameters for characterizing three-dimensional surface topography. Wear 178(1–2):29–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(94)90127-9
Deltombe R, Kubiak KJ, Bigerelle M (2014) How to select the most relevant 3D roughness parameters of a surface: relevance of 3D roughness parameters. Scanning 36(1):150–160. https://doi.org/10.1002/sca.21113
Franco LA, Sinatora A (2015) 3D surface parameters (ISO 25178-2): actual meaning of Spk and its relationship to Vmp. J Precis Eng 40:106–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2014.10.011
Lonardo PM, Trumpold H, De Chiffre L (1996) Progress in 3D surface micro topography characterization. CIRP Ann 45(2):589–598. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)60513-7
Chen H, Tang J (2016) Influence of ultrasonic assisted grinding on Abbott-Firestone curve. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 86(9–12):2753–2757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-016-8370-5
Chen H, Tang J, Shao W, Zhao B (2018) An investigation on surface functional parameters in ultrasonic-assisted grinding of soft steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 97(5–8):2697–2702. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-2164-x
Moriwaki T, Shamoto E, Inoue K (1992) Ultraprecision ductile cutting of glass by applying ultrasonic vibration. CIRP Ann 41(1):141–144. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)61171-8
Zhang X, Kumar AS, Rahman M, Nath C, Liu K (2011) Experimental study on ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting of hardened steel using PCD tools. J Mater Process Technol 211(11):1701–1709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2011.05.015
Nath C, Rahman M, Neo KS (2009) Machinability study of tungsten carbide using PCD tools under ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 49(14):1089–1095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2009.07.006
Nath C, Rahman M, Neo KS (2011) Modeling of the effect of machining parameters on maximum thickness of cut in ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting. J Manuf Sci Eng 133(1):011007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003118
Zhang X, Kumar AS, Rahman M, Liu K (2013) Modeling of the effect of tool edge radius on surface generation in elliptical vibration cutting. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 65(1–4):35–42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-012-4146-8
Kurniawan R, Kumaran ST, Ali S, Nurcahyaningsih DA, Kiswanto G, Ko TJ (2018) Experimental and analytical study of ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting on AISI 1045 for sustainable machining of round-shaped microgroove pattern. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 98(5–8):2031–2055. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-018-2359-1
Wei-Xing X, Liang-Chi Z (2015) Ultrasonic vibration-assisted machining: principle, design and application. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 3:173–192. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40436-015-0115-4
Zhu WL, He Y, Ehmann KF, Sánchez Egea AJ, Wang X, Ju B-F, Zhu Z (2016) Theoretical and experimental investigation on inclined ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting of alumina ceramics. J Manuf Sci Eng 138(12):121011–121011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4033605
This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51875097).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Usman, M.M., Zou, P., Tian, Y. et al. Experimental investigation on surface functional indices in Ultrasonic Elliptical Vibration Cutting of C45 carbon steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 109, 187–200 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-05661-8
- Ultrasonic Elliptical Vibration Cutting (UEVC)
- Conventional cutting (CC)
- Surface functional indices (surface functional parameters)
- Tribological characteristics
- Machined surface