Double-sided hybrid laser-MIG welding plus MIG welding of 30-mm-thick aluminium alloy

  • Zhao Jiang
  • Xueming Hua
  • Lijin Huang
  • Dongsheng Wu
  • Fang Li
  • Yuelong Zhang


Hybrid laser-MIG (metal inert gas) welding has not been extensively applied in welding of aluminium alloy with thickness more than 10 mm because of the existence of weld defects and low joint strength. In this study, an original hybrid laser-MIG welding plus MIG welding process was developed. Double-sided hybrid laser-MIG welding method was designed and applied to the welding of 30-mm-thick Al 5083 alloy. The process was then optimized by overlaying a MIG welding upon the weld. Analysis on the weld revealed that the overlaid MIG welding played multiple roles, including making up the bead formations, eliminating the keyhole-induced porosities as well as refining grains. Along the longitudinal direction of the weld, the grains became finer from two fringes to the middle, and the mechanical properties improved accordingly. Compared with MIG welding, the hybrid laser-MIG welding plus MIG welding process showed overwhelming superiorities over the MIG welding, which will be promising in industrial applications.


Hybrid laser-MIG welding plus MIG welding Double-sided welding Porosity Al 5083 alloy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This work was supported by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China under the project of LNG shipbuilding.


  1. 1.
    Huang L, Wu D, Hua X, Liu S, Jiang Z, Li F, Wang H, Shi S (2018) Effect of the welding direction on the microstructural characterization in fiber laser-GMAW hybrid welding of 5083 aluminum alloy. J Manuf Process 31:514–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang L, Hua X, Wu D, Jiang Z, Li F, Wang H, Shi S (2017) Microstructural characterization of 5083 aluminum alloy thick plates welded with GMAW and twin wire GMAW processes. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 93(5–8):1–9Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kim C, Ahn Y, Lee KB, Kim D (2016) High-deposition-rate position welding of Al 5083 alloy for spherical-type liquefied natural gas tank. Proc Inst Mech Eng B: J Eng Manuf 230(5):818–824CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhiyong L, Srivatsan TS, Yan LI, Wenzhao Z (2013) Coupling of laser with plasma arc to facilitate hybrid welding of metallic materials: a review. J Mater Eng Perform 22:384–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gao Z, Wu Y, Huang J (2009) Analysis of weld pool dynamic during stationary laser–MIG hybrid welding. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 44(9–10):870–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang X, Li B, Li M, Huang C, Chen H (2017) Study of local-zone microstructure, strength and fracture toughness of hybrid laser-metal-inert-gas-welded A7N01 aluminum alloy joint. Mater Sci Eng A 688:114–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang C, Gao M, Jiang M, Zeng X (2016) Effect of weld characteristic on mechanical strength of laser-arc hybrid-welded Al-Mg-Si-Mn aluminum alloy. Metall Mater Trans A 47:5438–5449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ola O, Doern F (2015) Keyhole-induced porosity in laser-arc hybrid welded aluminum. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 80:3–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Norris JT, Robino CV, Hirschfeld DA, Perricone MJ (2011) Effects of laser parameters on porosity formation: investigating millimeter scale continuous wave Nd:YAG laser welds. Weld J 90:198–203Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berger P, Hügel H, Graf T (2011) Understanding pore formation in laser beam welding. Phys Procedia 12:241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bunaziv I, Akselsen OM, Salminen A, Unt A (2016) Fiber laser-MIG hybrid welding of 5 mm 5083 aluminum alloy. J Mater Process Technol 233:107–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leo P, Renna G, Casalino G, Olabi AG (2015) Effect of power distribution on the weld quality during hybrid laser welding of an Al–Mg alloy. Opt Laser Technol 73:118–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wu D, Hua X, Li F, Huang L (2017) Understanding of spatter formation in fiber laser welding of 5083 aluminum alloy. Int J Heat Mass Transf 113:730–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Blecher J, Palmer T, DebRoy T (2015) Mitigation of root defect in laser and hybrid laser-arc welding. Weld J 94(3):73–82Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bachmann M, Avilov V, Gumenyuk A, Rethmeier M (2014) Experimental and numerical investigation of an electromagnetic weld pool support system for high power laser beam welding of austenitic stainless steel. J Mater Process Technol 214:578–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shiganov IN, Misyurov AI, Trushnikov AN, Kholopov AA, Blinkov VV (2017) Hybrid laser-arc welding of aluminium alloys. Weld Int 31:67–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wahba M, Mizutani M, Katayama S (2016) Single pass hybrid laser-arc welding of 25mm thick square groove butt joints. Mater Des 97:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Faraji AH, Goodarzi M, Seyedein SH, Maletta C (2016) Effects of welding parameters on weld pool characteristics and shape in hybrid laser-TIG welding of AA6082 aluminum alloy: numerical and experimental studies. Weld World 60:137–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang C, Gao M, Wang D, Yin J, Zeng X (2017) Relationship between pool characteristic and weld porosity in laser arc hybrid welding of AA6082 aluminum alloy. J Mater Process Technol 240:217–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lakshminarayanan AK, Balasubramanian V, Elangovan K (2009) Effect of welding processes on tensile properties of AA6061aluminium alloy joints. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 40(3):286–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dutra JC, e Silva RH, Savi BM, Marques C, Alarcon OE (2015) Metallurgical characterization of the 5083H116 aluminum alloy welded with the cold metal transfer process and two different wire-electrodes (5183 and 5087). Weld World 59:797–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jiang Z, Hua X, Huang L, Wu D, Li F (2017) Effect of multiple thermal cycles on metallurgical and mechanical properties during multi-pass gas metal arc welding of Al 5083 alloy. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 93(1–13):3799–3811CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xueming Hua
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lijin Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dongsheng Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fang Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuelong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Materials Laser Processing and ModificationShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Centre for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea ExplorationShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations