Effect of forces on dynamic metal transfer behavior of cable-type welding wire gas metal arc welding

  • Zhidong Yang
  • Chenfu Fang
  • Yong Chen
  • Bin Liu
  • Qingxian Hu
  • Xiaoyan Gu


A cable-type welding wire (CWW) gas metal arc welding (GMAW) method was proposed as a novel approach, using CWW for the consumable electrode. Droplet transfer influences the welding process, and the forces on the droplet were analyzed to elucidate the metal transfer phenomenon observed during the welding process. The effects of the arc pressure, rotating force, and welding parameters were analyzed to understand the metal transfer. The special structure of the CWW affected the arc characteristics and forces during metal transfer as part of the welding process. The droplet formed by droplets from each thin wire, the arc, and electromagnetic forces on droplet formation and the coupling process were analyzed. The arc pressure and rotating forces are beneficial to metal transfer and increase the droplet transfer frequency. The droplet size decreases with increasing welding parameters.


GMAW CWW Force analysis Metal transfer Arc behavior Rotating force Droplet transfer model 


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Funding information

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (grant no. 51275224 no. 51575250, 51775254, 51675249 and 51705218), the Province Joint Research Project of Jiangsu Province of China (grant no. BY2015065-06 and BY 2015065-02), the Collaborative Innovation Center of Ship Technology of China (grant no. HZ20170004), and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhidong Yang
    • 1
  • Chenfu Fang
    • 1
  • Yong Chen
    • 1
  • Bin Liu
    • 1
  • Qingxian Hu
    • 1
  • Xiaoyan Gu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringJiangsu University of Science and TechnologyZhenjiangChina

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