Turning titanium metal matrix composites (Ti-MMCs) with carbide and CBN inserts

  • Seyed Ali Niknam
  • Saeid Kamalizadeh
  • Alireza Asgari
  • Marek Balazinski


Despite excellent mechanical and physical features of titanium metal matrix composite (Ti-MMC), hard and abrasive ceramic particles within the matrix structure, as well as high price, may lead to severe difficulties on machining and machinability of Ti-MMCs. Review of literature denotes that only limited studies are available on machining Ti-MMCs with commercial cutting tools under various cutting conditions and cutting tools/inserts. Furthermore, limited studies are available on machinability attributes of Ti-MMC under various cutting conditions used. Therefore, to remedy the lack of knowledge observed, this work intends to report turning Ti-MMCs with carbide, and cubic boron nitride (CBN) inserts under various cutting conditions. The mean values of surface roughness (Ra) and directional cutting forces, as well as flank wear (VB) were studied as the machinability attributes. The microstructural evaluations were conducted to discover the wear modes. Furthermore, the statistical tools were used to present the factors governing machining attributes studied. Adhesion, abrasion, and oxidation were observed as the principle wear modes on the flank sides of the tested inserts. According to experimental results and statistical analysis, the Ra and VB could be controlled by cutting parameters only when CBN inserts were used. Despite the inset used, factors governing both responses were not identical. Although average cutting forces were directly affected by cutting parameters used, however, the relatively low correlation of determination (R2) of directional cutting forces can be attributed to effects of cutting speed, elevated temperature in the cutting zone as well as rapid tool wear which are all correlated to others.


Wear Ti-MMC Composite Machinability Turning Roughness Insert CBN Carbide 


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The financial support received from Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies (FQRNT) and NSERC Canadian Network for Research and Innovation in Machining Technology (CANRIMT) are highly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Ali Niknam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Saeid Kamalizadeh
    • 2
  • Alireza Asgari
    • 2
  • Marek Balazinski
    • 2
  1. 1.Sustainable Manufacturing Systems Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentPolytechnique MontrealMontrealCanada

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