Experimental investigations into nanofinishing of Ti6Al4V flat disc using magnetorheological finishing process

  • G. ParameswariEmail author
  • V. K. Jain
  • J. Ramkumar
  • Leeladhar Nagdeve


3-D components used in today’s industries need fine surface characteristics as a functional requirement. Therefore, it is necessary to improve surface characteristics before putting them into useful applications, by achieving superior surface finish very close to dimensional precision. Magnetorheological fluid-based finishing processes are efficient in achieving ultrafine surfaces. This paper aims to explore the key quality performance of the magnetorheological finishing process in achieving nanolevel finish on Ti6Al4V discs. Sequential experimental design through statistical design of experiments was employed and response surface model was developed. Concentration of abrasive particles and wheel speed were considered as independent process parameters for the present study. To have uniform (or minimum variation) surface roughness values on the entire surface, a negative replica of the workpiece has been fabricated as a tool, and magnetic field was used to create magnetorheological effect. Using a template, surface roughness was measured at the same points before and after finishing. Initial Ra value was found to be the critical process parameter for finishing Ti6Al4V workpiece by magnetorheological finishing. % change in Ra is significantly affected by concentration of abrasive particles (≈50%) followed by initial Ra (≈ 38%). Finishing rate is significantly affected by initial Ra (≈61%) followed by concentration of abrasive particles (≈33%). An area roughness of 49 nm was achieved in the present study.


MRF MR fluid Surface roughness Ti6Al4V Design of experiments Response surface methodology Central composite design 


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Authors acknowledge the help of the Manufacturing Science Lab and 4i Lab, IIT Kanpur for providing their facility to fabricate the fixture for the workpiece and other devices. This paper is a revised and expanded version of the paper entitled “Experimental investigations into nano finishing of Ti6Al4V disc” by G. Parameswari, V.K. Jain and J. Ramkumar presented at the 6th International & 27th AIMTDR Conference (2016) held at College of Engineering Pune, India, during 16–18 December 2016.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Parameswari
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. K. Jain
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Ramkumar
    • 1
  • Leeladhar Nagdeve
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentM.A.N.I.TBhopalIndia

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