Preoperative risk factors in hip arthroscopy

Abstract

Purpose

Arthroscopic surgery is a usual technique to repair hip femoroacetabular impingement. Correlation exists among surgical indication, postoperative evolution, the final result, and the necessity of prosthesis in the near future. The assessment of specific parameters allowing us to evaluate the prognosis becomes vital to improve the results. The objective of this study is to check the variables found in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) treated with hip arthroscopy, and determine which of these variables would serve as key indicators in predicting the need for subsequent arthroplasty.

Methods

Data from FAI surgical indications (age, weight, height, BMI, gender, side, radiographic Tönnis degree, cartilage lesion degree by Acetabular Labrum Articular Disruption (ALAD) degree, VAS value, HOS, mHHS and WOMAC) were collected from cases which should have had a minimum monitoring period of 2 years from 2007 to 2017. The results of the group which needed prosthesis were compared to the results of the ones who did not.

Results

Among 452 patients who were monitored for an average of 5.8 years, 82 (18.1%) required conversion to prosthesis. The variables that indicated relatively high risk were fourth-degree acetabular labrum articular disruption (ALAD) chondral injury, preoperative radiographic Grade 2 Tönnis classification, age of over 55 years, WOMAC over 45 points, and HOS-ADL under 50 points. There were no significant differences between side, gender, VAS level, nor HOS.

Conclusions

The presence of chondral injuries such as acetabular labrum articular disruption (ALAD) 4, radiographic Grade 2 Tönnis classification, higher age, higher BMI, and worse WOMAC, along with mHHS and HOS-ADL preoperative results, are factors which lead to a poor prognosis following FAI hip arthroscopic surgery, increasing the risk of prosthetic conversion in the short or medium term.

Level of evidence

Level IV.

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Correspondence to Roberto Seijas.

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Seijas, R., Barastegui, D., López-de-Celis, C. et al. Preoperative risk factors in hip arthroscopy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-021-06484-0

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Keywords

  • Hip
  • Arthroscopy
  • FAI
  • Femoroacetabular impingement
  • Prognosis
  • Arthroplasty
  • Age
  • Cartilage
  • ALAD
  • Tönnis
  • Conversion