Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 965–975 | Cite as

Structural design and global sensitivity analysis of the composite B-pillar with ply drop-off

  • Qiming Liu
  • Yongjun Li
  • Lixiong Cao
  • Fei Lei
  • Qiong Wang


Vehicle lightweight and safety design becomes an increasingly critical issue nowadays. In order to improve the crashworthiness of side impact and roof crush with the consideration of the manufacturing process, a new composite B-pillar structure with ply drop-off is proposed in this paper. It improves the crashworthiness by changing the section thickness of structure and reduces the weight of B-pillar. The ply drop-off regions on the outer part and inner part of B-pillar are divided into three sub-laminates respectively, named as thick panel, taper panel and thin panel. The thickness of the panel are determined by the number of lay-up. Based on traditional sensitivity analysis, this paper derives some new equations and clearly evaluates and quantifies the importance of uncertainty design parameters. Finally, the comprehensive performance of the lightweight and crashworthiness for the composite B-pillar with ply drop-off is improved through structural optimization.


Composite structure B-pillar Ply drop-off structure Crashworthiness Lightweight Sensitivity analysis 



This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (51575171, 11232004) and the graduate student research innovation project of Hunan province (CX2016B090).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiming Liu
    • 1
  • Yongjun Li
    • 1
  • Lixiong Cao
    • 1
  • Fei Lei
    • 1
  • Qiong Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, College of Mechanical and Vehicle EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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