Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 327–340 | Cite as

Do immigrants displace young native workers: The Austrian experience

  • Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
  • Josef Zweimüller


This paper studies the effect of increased immigration in Austria on the unemployment risk of young natives. Austria experienced a dramatic rise in the share of alien workers as a result of the breakdown of the former communist regimes (especially from former Yugoslavia). We concentrate on unemployment entry of young male workers, who are supposed to compete most heavily with new immigrants. Our results indicate that the detrimental impact – if it exists at all – is only minor. This is irrespective of the analyzed proxy for competition: The share of foreign workers in an industry or in a region.

JEL classification: J61 J15 J64 
Key words: Immigration unemployment risk native workers 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
    • 1
  • Josef Zweimüller
    • 2
  1. 1.Johannes-Kepler-Universität, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Altenbergerstrasse 69, A-4040 Linz-Auhof, Austria (e-mail:
  2. 2.Institut für Empirische Wirtschaftsforschung, Universität Zürich, Blümlisalpstrasse 10, CH-8006 Zürich, SwitzerlandCH

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