Objective. To test air insufflation as an adjunct to placement of enteral feeding tubes and the effectiveness of using a smaller insufflation volume in pediatric patients.
Design and setting. A randomized, controlled study in a pediatric intensive care unit in two tertiary hospitals.
Patients. A total of 78 children with indication for transpyloric tube feeding were studied.
Interventions. An unweighted feeding tube was placed into the stomach through the nares; a 20-ml syringe was used to insufflate 10 ml/kg air into the stomach. The tube was advanced an estimated distance into the pylorus or beyond. The control group received the same procedure except for air insufflation. Resident physicians performed all procedures. Abdominal radiography was performed 3 h later.
Results. Of 38 tubes in the study group 33 (86.8%) were successfully placed in a single attempt, compared to 18 of 40 tubes (45%) in the control group. Compared with the technique of using 20 ml/kg air for insufflation, no statistically significant difference was observed. No significant complication was observed.
Conclusions. The gastric insufflation technique required no expensive equipment, minimal training, and consistently allowed transpyloric passage of feeding tubes. The use of 10 ml/kg air may significantly improve the rate of success without increasing risks.
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da Silva, P., Paulo, C., de Oliveira Iglesias, S. et al. Bedside transpyloric tube placement in the pediatric intensive care unit: a modified insufflation air technique. Intensive Care Med 28, 943–946 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-002-1326-2
- Insufflation Enteral nutrition Intubation Critical care Intensive care units Child