Chronological Variation of Metals in Reclaimed Coal Mine Soil and Tissues of Eucalyptus Hybrid Tree After 25 Years of Reclamation, Jharia Coal Field (India)

  • Sneha Bandyopadhyay
  • Vivek Rana
  • Subodh Kumar MaitiEmail author


Fast-growing metal-accumulating woody trees are potential candidates for phytoremediation of coal mine overburden (OB) dumps. The present study assessed chronological variation in metals (Pb, Zn, Mn, Cu, and Co) concentration in reclaimed mine soil (RMS) and tissues (leaf, stem bark, stem wood, root bark and root wood) of Eucalyptus hybrid tree between 3 and 25-year old OB dumps (RMS3 and RMS25) from Jharia coal field (India). Total metal concentrations of Pb, Zn, and Cu in RMS25 were 1.55, 3.46, and 1.44 times lower (p < 0.05), respectively, than RMS3. Higher concentrations of total (110%–565%) and available form (DTPA-extractable) of metals (109%–480%) were observed in RMS25 than in control soil. Pb selectively accumulated in stem bark, Zn and Mn in leaves, and Cu and Co in root wood. Metal concentrations were higher (1.04–4.15 times at p < 0.05) in tree tissues growing on RMS25 than in RMS3. This study concluded that Eucalyptus hybrid could be utilized for reclamation of coal mine OB dumps.


Accumulation Metal pollution Overburden dumps Phytoremediation Woody trees 



This research was supported by PhD fellowship provided by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India to S.B. (Reg. no. 17DR000508) and V.R. (Reg. no. 2014DR0276). Authors thank Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad for providing laboratory facilities to carry out this study.


  1. Alloway BJ (1990) Heavy metals in soils. Blackie Academic & Professional, Glasgow, pp 197–221Google Scholar
  2. BCCL (2016–2017) Annual report 2016-17. Bharat Coking Coal Limited.
  3. Bhuiyan MA, Parvez L, Islam MA, Dampare SB, Suzuki S (2010) Heavy metal pollution of coal mine-affected agricultural soils in the northern part of Bangladesh. J Hazard Mater 173(1):384–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Central Electronic Authority (CEA) (2017) All India installed power capacity (In MW), New Delhi.
  5. Chen Y, Yuan L, Xu C (2017) Accumulation behavior of toxic elements in the soil and plant from Xinzhuangzi reclaimed mining areas, China. Environ Earth Sci 76(5):226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hafeez B, Khanif YM, Saleem M (2013) Role of zinc in plant nutrition—a review. Am J Exp Agric 3(2):374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jackson ML (1973) Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall, New Delhi, pp 106–109Google Scholar
  8. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (2001) Trace elements in soils and plants, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 227–234Google Scholar
  9. Keskin T, Makineci E (2009) Some soil properties on coal mine spoils reclaimed with black locust (Robinia pceudoacacia L.) and umbrella pine (Pinus pinea L.) in Agacli-Istanbul. Environ Monit Assess 159(1–4):407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Licina V, Aksic MF, Tomic Z, Trajkovic I, Mladenovic SA, Marjanovic M, Rinklebe J (2017) Bioassessment of heavy metals in the surface soil layer of an opencast mine aimed for its rehabilitation. J Environ Manage 186:240–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lindsay WL, Norvell WA (1978) Development of DTPA tests for Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn. Soil Sci Soc Am 42(3):421–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Luo ZB, He J, Polle A, Rennenberg H (2016) Heavy metal accumulation and signal transduction in herbaceous and woody plants: paving the way for enhancing phytoremediation efficiency. Biotechnol Adv 34(6):1131–1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Maiti SK (1995) Some experimental studies on ecological aspects of reclamation in Jharia coalfield, Ph.D. dissertation, Indian School of MinesGoogle Scholar
  14. Maiti SK (2007) Bioreclamation of coalmine overburden dumps—with special emphasis on micronutrients and heavy metals accumulation in tree species. Environ Monit Assess 125(1–3):111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Maiti SK (2012) Ecorestoration of the coal mine degraded lands. Springer, New York, pp 259–264Google Scholar
  16. Maiti SK, Rana V (2017) Assessment of heavy metals contamination in reclaimed mine soil and their accumulation and distribution in Eucalyptus hybrid. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98(1):97–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Maiti SK, Kumar A, Ahirwal J (2016) Bioaccumulation of metals in timber and edible fruit trees growing on reclaimed coal mine overburden dumps. Int J Min Reclam Environ 30(3):231–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Millaleo R, Reyes-Díaz M, Ivanov AG, Mora ML, Alberdi M (2010) Manganese as essential and toxic element for plants: transport, accumulation and resistance mechanisms. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 10(4):470–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Niu S, Gao L, Zhao J (2015) Risk analysis of metals in soil from a restored coal mining area. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 95(2):183–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Niu S, Gao L, Zhao J (2017) Heavy metals in the soils and plants from a typical restored coal-mining area of Huainan coalfield, China. Environ Monit Assess 189(10):484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Olsen SR, Sommers LE (1982) Phosphorus. In: Page AL et al (eds) Methods of soil analysis, part 2, 2nd edn. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp 403–430Google Scholar
  22. Pandey B, Agrawal M, Singh S (2014) Assessment of air pollution around coal mining area: emphasizing on spatial distributions, seasonal variations and heavy metals, using cluster and principal component analysis. Atmos Pollut Res 5(1):79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pietrzykowski M, Socha J, van Doorn NS (2014) Linking heavy metal bioavailability (Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb) in Scots pine needles to soil properties in reclaimed mine areas. Sci Total Environ 470:501–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rana V, Maiti SK (2018a) Differential distribution of metals in tree tissues growing on reclaimed coal mine overburden dumps, Jharia coal field (India). Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(10):9745–9758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rana V, Maiti SK (2018b) Metal accumulation strategies of emergent plants in natural wetland ecosystems contaminated with coke-oven effluent. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 101(1):55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sawidis T, Breuste J, Mitrovic M, Pavlovic P, Tsigaridas K (2011) Trees as bioindicator of heavy metal pollution in three European cities. Environ Pollut 159(12):3560–3570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Subbiah BV, Asija GL (1956) A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Curr Sci 25(8):259–260Google Scholar
  28. Walkley A, Black IA (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37(1):29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sneha Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
  • Vivek Rana
    • 1
  • Subodh Kumar Maiti
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations