Prevalence and predictors of no lifetime utilization of mental health treatment among people with mental disorders in France: findings from the ‘Mental Health in General Population’ (MHGP) survey

  • Hélène Font
  • Jean-Luc Roelandt
  • Hélène Behal
  • Pierre-Alexis Geoffroy
  • Baptiste Pignon
  • Ali Amad
  • Nicolas Simioni
  • Guillaume Vaiva
  • Pierre Thomas
  • Alain Duhamel
  • Imane Benradia
  • Benjamin Rolland
Original Paper



No lifetime utilization of mental health treatment (NUMT) is an indicator of the treatment gap among people in need of treatment. Until now, the overall prevalence and predictors of NUMT have never been explored in France.


In a 39,617-respondent survey, participants were assessed for NUMT, i.e., no lifetime psychotherapy, psychopharmacotherapy, or psychiatric hospitalization. Mental disorders were investigated using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 5.0.0). MINI diagnoses were grouped into five categories: mood disorders (MDs); anxiety disorders (ADs); alcohol use disorders (AUDs); substance use disorders (SUDs); and psychotic disorders (PDs). Using multivariable logistic regression models, we explored the factors associated with NUMT among the MINI-positive respondents. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated for each factor.


In total, 12,818 (32.4%) respondents were MINI-positive, 46.5% of them reported NUMT (35.6% for MDs, 39.7% for PDs, 42.8% for ADs, 56.0% for AUDs, and 56.7% for SUDs). NUMT was positively associated with being male [OR 1.75 (1.59–1.91)] and practising religion [OR 1.13 (1.02–1.25)] and negatively associated with ageing [per 10-year increase: OR 0.88 (0.85–0.91)], being single [OR 0.74 (0.66–0.84)], being a French native [OR 0.67 (0.60–0.75)], and experiencing MDs [OR 0.39 (0.36–0.43)], ADs [OR 0.47 (0.43–0.52)], AUDs [OR 0.83 (0.73–0.96)], SUDs [OR 0.77 (0.65–0.91)], or PDs [OR 0.50 (0.43–0.59)].


In France, NUMT rates were the highest for AUDs and SUDs. Additionally, suffering from MDs or ADs increased the lifetime treatment utilization for people having any other mental disorder. This finding emphasizes the need to better screen AUDs and SUDs among people treated for MDs or ADs.


Mental health Treatment utilization Epidemiology France 



The MHGP survey was funded by the French Ministry for Health. The work undertaken in this study was funded by a Grant from the Fondation Actions-Addictions (, which is an independent non-profit foundation promoting evidence-based action against addiction in France.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hélène Font
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Roelandt
    • 1
  • Hélène Behal
    • 2
  • Pierre-Alexis Geoffroy
    • 3
    • 4
  • Baptiste Pignon
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  • Ali Amad
    • 9
    • 11
  • Nicolas Simioni
    • 12
  • Guillaume Vaiva
    • 9
    • 11
  • Pierre Thomas
    • 9
    • 11
  • Alain Duhamel
    • 2
  • Imane Benradia
    • 1
  • Benjamin Rolland
    • 9
    • 10
    • 13
    • 14
  1. 1.Centre Collaborateur de l’Organisation Mondiale de la SantéHellemmesFrance
  2. 2.Département de BiostatistiquesUniv. Lille, CHU Lille, EA 2694, Santé publique: épidémiologie et qualité des soinsLilleFrance
  3. 3.AP-HP, GH Saint-Louis, Lariboisière, Fernand Widal, Pôle NeurosciencesParisFrance
  4. 4.Université Paris Diderot, UMR-S 1144ParisFrance
  5. 5.AP-HP, DHU PePSY, Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, Pôle Psychiatrie AddictologieCréteilFrance
  6. 6.INSERM, U955, équipe 15CréteilFrance
  7. 7.Fondation FondaMentalCréteilFrance
  8. 8.UPEC, Université Paris-Est, Faculté de médecineCréteilFrance
  9. 9.Pôle de Psychiatrie et Addictologie, CHRU de LilleLilleFrance
  10. 10.INSERM U1171, Univ LilleLilleFrance
  11. 11.UMR9193-PsychiC-SCALab, Department of PsychiatryUniv. Lille, CNRS, CHU de LilleLilleFrance
  12. 12.Fondation Phénix, Centre Phénix PlainpalaisGenevaSwitzerland
  13. 13.Service Universitaire d’Addictologie de Lyon (SUAL), CH Le VinatierBronFrance
  14. 14.Université de Lyon, UCBLLyonFrance

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