High-resolution genetic mapping of a novel brown planthopper resistance locus, Bph34 in Oryza sativa L. X Oryza nivara (Sharma & Shastry) derived interspecific F2 population
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A BPH-resistant locus designated as Bph34 identified in Oryza nivara acc. IRGC104646 on long arm of chromosome 4 using high-resolution mapping with 50 K SNP chip. BPH resistance contributed by locus showed dominant inheritance in F2 and F3. The Bph34 locus is 91 kb in size and contains 11 candidate genes. In addition to SNP markers, SSR markers, RM16994 and RM17007 co-segregated with the BPH resistance. These two SSR markers can facilitate marker-assisted transfer of the Bph34 locus into elite rice cultivars in all labs.
Brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugen Stål) is one of the most destructive insects of rice (Oryza sativa L.) causing significant yield losses annually. Exploiting host plant resistance to BPH and incorporating resistant genes in susceptible commercial cultivars is economical and environmentally friendly approach to manage this pest. Here, we report high-resolution mapping of a novel genetic locus for resistance to BPH, designated as Bph34 on long arm of rice chromosome 4. The locus was mapped using an interspecific F2 population derived from a cross between susceptible indica cultivar PR122 and BPH-resistant wild species, O. nivara acc. IRGC104646. Inheritance studies performed using F2 and F2:3 populations revealed the presence of single dominant gene. Construction of high-density linkage map using 50 K SNP chip (OsSNPnks) followed by QTL mapping identified single major locus at 28.8 LOD score between SNP markers, AX-95952039 and AX-95921548. The major locus contributing resistance to BPH designated as Bph34 and explained 68.3% of total phenotypic variance. The Bph34 locus is 91 Kb in size on Nipponbare reference genome-IRGSP-1.0 and contains 11 candidate genes. In addition to associated SNP markers, two SSR markers, RM16994 and RM17007, also co-segregated with the Bph34 which can be used efficiently for markers assisted transfer into elite rice cultivars across the labs.
Financial grant from Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi under project “Niche Area of Excellence in Wheat and Rice, PC 2198” is highly acknowledged.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
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