Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 131, Issue 3, pp 649–658 | Cite as

Genetic mapping of a major gene in triticale conferring resistance to bacterial leaf streak

  • Aimin Wen
  • Malini Jayawardana
  • Jason Fiedler
  • Suraj Sapkota
  • Gongjun Shi
  • Zhao Peng
  • Sanzhen Liu
  • Frank F. White
  • Adam J. Bogdanove
  • Xuehui Li
  • Zhaohui Liu
Original Article


Key message

A major gene conferring resistance to bacterial leaf streak was mapped to chromosome 5R in triticale.


Bacterial leaf streak (BLS), caused by Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (Xtu), is an important disease of wheat and triticale around the world. Although resistance to BLS is limited in wheat, several triticale accessions have high levels of resistance. To characterize the genetic basis of this resistance, we developed triticale mapping populations using a resistant accession (Siskiyou) and two susceptible accessions (UC38 and Villax St. Jose). Bulked segregant analysis in an F2 population derived from the cross of Siskiyou × UC38 led to the identification of a simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker (XSCM138) on chromosome 5R that co-segregated with the resistance gene. The cross of Siskiyou × Villax St. Jose was advanced into an F2:5 recombinant inbred line population and evaluated for BLS reaction. Genetic linkage maps on this population were assembled with markers generated using genotyping-by-sequencing as well as several SSR markers previously identified on 5R. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping revealed a single major QTL on chromosome 5R, underlined by the same SSR marker as in the Siskiyou × UC38 population. The F1 hybrids of the two crosses were highly resistant to BLS, indicating that resistance is largely dominant. This work will facilitate introgression of this rye-derived BLS resistance gene into the wheat genome by molecular marker-mediated chromosome engineering.



Bacterial leaf streak


Bulked segregant analysis




Log of odds ratio


Quantitative trait locus


Multiple interval mapping


Recombinant inbred line


Rye expressed microsatellite sites


Single nucleotide polymorphism


Single seed descent


Simple sequence repeat


Secale cereale microsatellite


Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa



We thank Mr. Justin Hestead for technical support, Drs. Xiwen Cai and Tim Friesen for critical review of the manuscript, and Drs. Andreas Börner (Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben, Germany) and Zengjun Qi (Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China) for providing the sequences of rye 5R SSR primers. This material is based upon work supported, in part, by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), under Hatch project number ND02224, the North Dakota Wheat Commission, and the US National Science Foundation research Grant 2012-1238189 (F.F.W).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest for this article.

Ethical standards

All experiments complied with the ethical standards of the university.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 11 kb)
122_2017_3026_MOESM2_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 14 kb)
122_2017_3026_MOESM3_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 14 kb)
122_2017_3026_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (853 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 853 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  5. 5.Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Section, School of Integrative Plant ScienceCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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