Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde

, Volume 166, Issue 4, pp 287–296 | Cite as

Kinder auf Reisen

Von der Reiseplanung bis zur „Zeit danach“
Leitthema
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Zusammenfassung

Die Mobilität ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten in allen Bevölkerungsschichten massiv angestiegen. Mehr Freizeit bzw. Urlaub, Billigflüge, ein zunehmendes Angebot an Kreuzfahrten, wohl aber auch die Sehnsucht, andere Länder und Kulturen kennenzulernen, führen immer mehr Menschen nicht nur in europäische Urlaubsdestinationen, sondern auch in entfernte Regionen mit oft nur eingeschränkter medizinischer Versorgung. Häufig werden dabei die Kinder mit auf die Reise genommen. Interessanterweise ist das Thema „Reisemedizin“ im Erwachsenbereich gut besetzt, im Kinder- und Jugendbereich gibt es dazu aber relativ wenig Literatur und kaum Forschung. In diesem Beitrag werden einige Aspekte der pädiatrischen Reisemedizin beleuchtet. Angesprochen werden u. a. Fragen der Hygiene, der Versorgung mit Nahrung und Wasser, der Infektionsprophylaxe, des Sonnenschutzes und der medizinischen Versorgung im Krankheitsfall. Beschrieben werden auch Möglichkeiten, die das „Wohlfühlen“ von Kindern auf Reisen gewährleisten können. Des Weiteren werden die Themen Flugtauglichkeit und Höhenaufenthalt behandelt. Schließlich wird dargestellt, welche Gegenstände und Medikamente sich in einer Reiseapotheke für Kinder befinden sollen. Gemeinsam mit den anderen 3 Arbeiten dieses Themenhefts sollen Kinder- und Jugendärzte ausreichend Information erhalten, um Eltern für Reisen mit Kindern kompetent beraten zu können.

Schlüsselwörter

Reisemedizin Prophylaxe Wohlbefinden von Kindern Höhenkrankheit Reiseapotheke 

Children and travel

From planning to the “time after” the trip

Abstract

In recent decades mobility has steadily increased in all levels of the population. More leisure time and holidays, low-price flights, increasing offers of sea cruises and also the desire to come into contact with foreign countries and cultures, lead continuously more people not only to European vacation resorts, but also to faroff destinations where medical care may be very limited. More and more children join their parents on such travels. Interestingly, while the topic of travel medicine is a relevant issue in the research of adults, only few publications exist about travelling children and research is almost lacking for this age group. In this article some aspects of pediatric travel medicine are highlighted, including questions of hygiene, water and food supply, infection prophylaxis, sun protection and medical treatment in case of becoming ill are discussed. Factors contributing to the well-being of children when on a trip are described. Furthermore, other aspects, such as flight suitability and high-altitude stays are dealt with. Finally, a suggestion for a pediatric first-aid kit is provided. Together with the other three articles in this issue, relevant information is provided to pediatricians, so that they are able to properly counsel families travelling with children.

Keywords

Travel medicine Prophylaxis Infant well-being High-altitude sickness First-aid kit 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

R. Kerbl gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine vom Autor durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für Kinder und JugendlicheLKH Hochsteiermark/LeobenLeobenÖsterreich

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