European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 43–48 | Cite as

Thermal modification of European beech at relatively mild temperatures for the use in electric bass guitars

  • Mario ZauerEmail author
  • Anne Kowalewski
  • Robert Sproßmann
  • Holger Stonjek
  • André Wagenführ


The possibility of the use of thermally modified European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in necks of electric bass guitars for the substitution of Hard maple (Acer saccharum) has been studied. The heat treatments were performed at relatively mild treatment temperatures of 140 and 160 °C for 12 h. The acoustic properties were determined by means of experimental modal analysis (EMA) and the mechanical properties by means of static and impact bending tests. The results show that both the acoustic and mechanical, static properties of beech improve significantly owing to thermal modification, being similar or better compared to Hard maple. The impact bending strengths decrease owing to thermal modification. Additional tests on complete necks of electric bass guitars by means of EMA and plucking tests on total instruments show that thermally treated beech at mild temperatures can substitute Hard maple for the use as neck material in electric bass guitars.


Wood Species Acoustic Property Equilibrium Moisture Content European Beech Thermally Modify 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy for the financial support for the investigations (Grant reference KF2418610CK2).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Zauer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anne Kowalewski
    • 1
  • Robert Sproßmann
    • 1
  • Holger Stonjek
    • 2
  • André Wagenführ
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Wood and Paper TechnologyTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Sandberg GuitarsBrunswickGermany

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