European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 69, Issue 4, pp 579–585 | Cite as

Novel use of biomass derived alkyl-xylosides in wetting agent for paper impregnation suitable for the wood-based industry

  • E. PapadopoulouEmail author
  • A. Hatjiissaak
  • B. Estrine
  • S. Marinkovic
Originals Originalarbeiten


Today, papers impregnated with thermosetting resins like urea-formaldehyde and/or melamine-formaldehyde are broadly used as covers for wood-based panels like particleboards (PB) and medium density fibreboards (MDF), because they offer flexibility in surface decoration, mechanical endorsement and protection from emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) of the panel. The resin is enhanced with various additives, like hardeners, de-foaming agents, surfactants, wetting agents etc. that are traditionally derived from petroleum. In this study, CHIMAR Hellas tested for the first time biomass-derived surfactants, produced by ARD company, in resin mixtures suitable for paper impregnation. From a chemical point of view, these natural surfactants are alkyl xylosides and particularly amyl and butyl xylosides and proved to have performance equivalent to the petrochemical surfactants conventionally used in this industrial field. Although such surfactants have already been used successfully in other industrial fields, they had never been tested before in paper impregnation processes.


Surfactant Foam Contact Angle Critical Micelle Concentration Surface Tension Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Neuartige Verwendung von aus Biomasse hergestellten Alkylxylosiden für Benetzungsmittel zur Papierimprägnierung in der Holzwerkstoffindustrie


Melaminharz- und/oder Harnstoffharzimprägnierte Papiere werden heute vielfach zur Beschichtung von Holzwerkstoffen wie Span- oder Faserplatten eingesetzt. Sie bieten eine große Auswahl an Dekorpapieren, verbessern bestimmte Eigenschaften und tragen zur Reduzierung der VOC-Emissionen der beschichteten Platten bei.

Den duroplastischen Harzen werden zur Optimierung des Imprägnierprozesses diverse Additive wie Härter, Antischaummittel, Benetzungs- und Trennmittel etc. zugesetzt, die traditionell auf Ölbasis hergestellt werden. In dieser Forschungsarbeit hat CHIMAR Hellas zum ersten Mal aus Biomasse hergestellte grenzflächenaktive Substanzen der Firma ARD in Netzmittelformulierungen zur Papierimprägnierung eingesetzt. Diese Substanzen sind im Allgemeinen Alkylxyloside und insbesondere Amyl- und Butylxyloside, und ihre Wirkung entspricht derjenigen von ölbasierten Produkten. Sie werden schon seit Jahren erfolgreich in anderen industriellen Anwendungen eingesetzt. Ihre mögliche Verwendung zur Melaminpapierimprägnierung wurde bisher jedoch nicht untersucht.



The experimental alkyl xylosides were produced by ARD and tested within the framework of the Integrated Project BIOSYNERGY (038994-SES6), which has received research funding from the Commission of the European Communities’ Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).

This work reflects only the views of its authors and the Commission is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Papadopoulou
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Hatjiissaak
    • 1
  • B. Estrine
    • 2
  • S. Marinkovic
    • 2
  1. 1.CHIMAR Hellas S.A.KalamariaGreece
  2. 2.ARD (Agro-industrie Recherches et Développements)PomacleFrance

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