Evaluation After Cochlear Implant Surgery

Correlation of Clinical Outcome and Imaging Findings using Flat-detector CT



Assessment of the cochlear implant (CI) electrode array position using flat-detector computed tomography (FDCT) to test dependence of postoperative outcome on intracochlear electrode position.


A total of 102 patients implanted with 107 CIs underwent FDCT. Electrode position was rated as 1) scala tympani, 2) scala vestibuli, 3) scalar dislocation and 4) no deconvolution. Two independent neuroradiologists rated all image data sets twice and the scalar position was verified by a third neuroradiologist. Presurgical and postsurgical speech audiometry by the Freiburg monosyllabic test was used to evaluate auditory outcome after 6 months of speech rehabilitation.


Electrode array position was assessed by FDCT in 107 CIs. Of the electrodes 60 were detected in the scala tympani, 21 in the scala vestibuli, 24 electrode arrays showed scalar dislocation and 2 electrodes were not placed in an intracochlear position. There was no significant difference in rehabilitation outcomes between scala tympani and scala vestibuli inserted patients. Rehabilitation was also possible in patients with dislocated electrodes.


The use of FDCT is a reliable diagnostic method to determine the position of the electrode array. In our study cohort, the electrode position had no significant impact on postoperative outcome except for non-deconvoluted electrode arrays.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2



Cochlear implant


Flat-detector computed tomography


Freiburg monosyllabic test


Interquartile range


Multi-slice computed tomography


Multiplanar reconstruction




Sensorineural hearing loss


Scala tympani


Scala vestibuli


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Correspondence to Annika Stock.

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A. Stock, V. Bozzato, S.P. Kloska, A. Bozzato, U. Hoppe, J. Hornung, A. Dörfler and T. Struffert declare that they have no competing interests.

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Stock, A., Bozzato, V., Kloska, S.P. et al. Evaluation After Cochlear Implant Surgery. Clin Neuroradiol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00062-020-00922-1

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  • Cochlear implantation
  • Deafness
  • Rehabilitation
  • Dyna-CT
  • Misplaced cochlear implant electrode array