Design, synthesis and cytotoxicity evaluation of pyrazolyl pyrazoline and pyrazolyl aminopyrimidine derivatives as potential anticancer agents
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In an attempt to find bio-active heterocyclic analogues, a series of novel 1-(5-(3-(aryl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)ethanones 5a–i and 4-(3-(aryl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-6-(pyridine-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-amines 6a–i were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of human cancer cell lines namely, HeLa (human cervix), NCI-H460 (human lung), PC-3 (human prostate), and NIH-3T3 (mouse embryo fibroblasts) cell lines. Most of these compounds exhibited moderate to good cytotoxicity against the tested cancer cell lines and weak toxicity against normal cell line. Analogs 5f, 5g, 5i, 6b–g showed significant cytotoxicity as compared to the standard drug etoposide. The compound 6g exhibited superior activity with IC50 value of 5.47 ± 0.44 µM against Hela cancer cell line.
KeywordsPyrazolylpyrazolines Pyrazolyl aminopyrimidines Michael addition Cytotoxicity MTT assay
The authors thank to the Head, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi for providing research facilities. AIRF, JNU is acknowledged for 13C NMR spectra. Raquib Alam is also thankful to UGC, New Delhi for BSR fellowship.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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