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Aquatic Sciences

, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 231–248 | Cite as

CDOM and the underwater light climate in two shallow North Patagonian lakes: evaluating the effects on nano and microphytoplankton community structure

  • Marina Gerea
  • Gonzalo L. Pérez
  • Fernando Unrein
  • Carolina Soto Cárdenas
  • Donald Morris
  • Claudia Queimaliños
Research Article

Abstract

We performed an annual synchronous sampling in two oligotrophic shallow lakes to assess the influence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) on the underwater light climate, and its potential effects on the nano and microphytoplankton community structure. Lake Escondido showed higher CDOM concentration and light attenuation with a spectral composition of underwater light shifted towards green–yellow light, while Lake Morenito presented clearer waters and a dominance of green light. Temporal dynamics of CDOM absorption at 440 nm were consistently explained by differences in cumulative precipitation. Mixotrophic cryptophytes and chrysophytes dominated the phytoplankton of both lakes, although the prevalence of each algal group was different between lakes. The dominance of these groups was largely explained by differences in spectral composition of underwater light, estimated as the ratio between Kd(RED) and Kd(GREEN) [Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio]. Cryptophytes prevailed in Lake Morenito and their biomass showed a positive strong relationship with Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio. Chrysophyte biomass was comparatively more important in Lake Escondido showing an opposite relationship with the Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio. These results underscore that higher relative green light availability allowed the dominance of cryptophytes, while changes in light spectral composition driven by CDOM allowed coexistence. We suggest that nano and microphytoplankton community structure in these lakes could be driven by changes in spectral composition of underwater light shaped by differences in CDOM, ultimately determined by precipitation/hydrological patterns.

Keywords

Spectral composition of underwater light Light climate Nanophytoplankton Microphytoplankton Community structure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful to Dr. Stefan Simis, Dr. Jean-François Lapierre and one anonymous reviewer, whose valuable contributions were essential to improve the manuscript. We especially thank Miguel, Nicolás and Leandro Battini, Dr. Cristian D. Torres, and Nelson Del Moral for their help during the sampling. This work was supported by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CSIC-CONICET) (Spain-Argentina) Project PROBA (2007 AR0018, CSIC) and the Argentinean projects CONICET-PIP 01301, FONCYT-PICT 2007-00393 and PICT 2012-1200, and UNComahue 04/B166 and 04/B194. Marina Gerea and Carolina Soto Cárdenas were supported by CONICET fellowships. Gonzalo L. Pérez, Fernando Unrein and Claudia Queimaliños are CONICET researchers (Argentina). Donald Morris is a researcher and faculty member at Lehigh University (United States).

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio de Fotobiología, INIBIOMA (Instituto Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medio Ambiente)Universidad Nacional del Comahue-CONICETBarilocheArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Ecología y Fotobiología Acuática, IIB-INTECH (Instituto de Investigaciones Biotecnológicas-Instituto Tecnológico de Chascomús)UNSAM-CONICETChascomúsArgentina
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  4. 4.Consejo Nacional de Investigación Científica y Técnica (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina

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