Advertisement

Klippen Belt, Flysch Belt and Inner Western Carpathian Paleogene Basin Relations in the Northern Slovakia by Magnetotelluric Imaging

  • Dušan Majcin
  • Vladimír Bezák
  • Radek Klanica
  • Ján Vozár
  • Josef Pek
  • Dušan Bilčík
  • Josef Telecký
Article
  • 82 Downloads

Abstract

The paper presents the interpretation of magnetotelluric measurements along the SW–NE profile near Stará Ľubovňa (Northern Slovakia). The profile passes through the Outer Carpathian Flysch Belt, Klippen Belt and ends in the Inner Western Carpathians Paleogene NW from Ružbachy horst structure. The interpretation of the older measurements from profile Mt4 was utilized and, moreover, the 3-D geoelectrical model of studied region was constructed. The magnetotelluric data interpretations verified the northern inclination of Flysch belt structures and their smaller thickness out of Klippen Belt in direction to the Carpathian electrical conductivity zone axis. We consider this as a consequence of the flower structure—more precisely the southern branch of the suture zone related to mentioned conductivity zone. Northerly from this zone the thickness of the Outer Carpathian Flysch Belt increases and the structures have inclination to the south, i.e. to the subduction zone. The contact of Flysch Belt with Klippen Belt has a fault character and it is subvertical, slightly inclined to the North. The southern boundary between Klippen Belt and Inner Western Carpathians has also fault character and is very steep. We detect the continuation of the Ružbachy horst to the NE in the basement of Inner Western Carpathian Paleogene. The structural discordance between this horst and Klippen Belt direction is a result of younger tectonic processes. According to our results the depth distribution of the pre-Tertiary basement below the Inner Western Carpathian units is non-uniform; the basement is broken to a number of partial blocks—horsts and grabens.

Keywords

Magnetotellurics Western Carpathians Klippen Belt Flysch Belt Inner Carpathian Paleogene 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for partial support of the work by the APVV agency by means of project APVV-0724-11, APVV-16-0482, MAD 15-13 bilateral project and the Slovak Grant Agency VEGA by means of projects 2/0042/15, 2/0091/15, and 1/0141/15. The research has been financed by the program SASPRO (1947/03/01-b) and was co-funded by the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions 7FP, grant agreement REA no. 609427-SK) and co-financed by the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The authors are grateful to reviewers for their valuable comments that improved the manuscript.

References

  1. Andrusov, D. (1974). The Pieniny Klippen Belt (The Carpathians of Czechoslovakia). In M. Maheľ (Ed.), Tectonics of the Carpathian-Balkan regions (pp. 145–148). Bratislava: Geol. Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  2. Bahr, K. (1991). Geological noise in magnetotelluric data: a classification of distortion types. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 66, 24–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berdichevski, M. N., & Dmitriev, V. I. (1976). Distorsion of magnetic and electrical fields by near-surface lateral inhomogenities. Acta Geodaetica, Geophysica et Montanistica Academiae Scientarium Hungaricae, 11, 447–483.Google Scholar
  4. Bezák, V., Biely, A., Elečko, M., Konečný, V., Mello, J., Polák, M., et al. (2011). A new synthesis of the geological structure of Slovakia—the general geological map at 1: 200 000 scale. Geological Quarterly, 55, 1–8.Google Scholar
  5. Bezák, V., Broska, I., Ivanička, J., Reichwalder, P., Vozár, J., Polák, M., et al. (2004). Tectonic map of the Slovak republic 1: 500 000. Bratislava: Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  6. Bezák, V., Pek, J., Vozár, J., Bielik, M., & Vozár, J. (2014). Geoelectrical and geological structure of the crust in Western Slovakia. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 58, 473–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Birkenmajer, K. (1977). Jurassic and Cretaceous lithostratigraphic units of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians. Poland. Studia Geologica Polonica, 45, 1–159.Google Scholar
  8. Birkenmajer, K. (1986). Stages of structural evolution of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians. Studia Geologica Polonica, 88, 7–32.Google Scholar
  9. Cagniard, L. (1953). Basic theory of the magneto-telluric method of geophysical prospecting. Geophysics, 18, 605–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Caldwell, T. G., Bibby, H. M., & Brown, C. (2004). The magnetotelluric phase tensor. Geophysical Journal International, 158, 457–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Červ, V., Pek, J., & Praus, O. (1984). Models of geophysical anomalies in Czechoslovakia. Journal of Geophysics, 55, 61–68.Google Scholar
  12. Chave, A. D., & Jones, A. G. (2012). The magnetotelluric method: theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ernst, T., Jankowski, J., Semenov, V Yu., Adam, A., Hvoždara, M., Jozwiak, W., et al. (1997). Electromagnetic soundings across the Tatra Mountains. Acta Geophysica Polonica, 45, 33–44.Google Scholar
  14. Franko, O., Fusán, O., Král, M., & Majcin, D. (1986). Distribution of high and middle temperature geothermal waters and hot dry rock in Slovakia. In O. Franko (Ed.), Geothermal energy of Slovakia and their utilization (pp. 81–92). Bratislava: Geol. Inst, D. Štúr. (In Slovak).Google Scholar
  15. Franko, O., Fusán, O., Král, M., Remšík, A., Fendek, M., Bodiš, D., et al. (1995). Atlas of geothermal energy of Slovakia. Bratislava: Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  16. Friedrichs, B. (2004). Mapros, (Ver. 0.87b freeware).Google Scholar
  17. Froitzheim, N., Plašienka, D., & Schuster, R. (2008). Alpine tectonics of the Alps and Western Carpathians. In T. McCann (Ed.), The geology of Central Europe (pp. 1141–1232). London: Geol. Society.Google Scholar
  18. Grad, M., Guterch, A., Keller, G. R., Janik, T., Hegedűs, E., Vozár, J., et al. (2006). Lithospheric structure beneath trans-Carpathian transect from Precambrian platform to Pannonian basin CELEBRATION 2000 seismic profile CEL05. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B03301.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JB003647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gross, P., Buček, S., Ďurkovič, T., Filo, I., Karoli, S., Maglay, J., et al. (1999). Geological map of Popradská kotlina basin, Hornádska kotlina basin, Levočské vrchy Mts., Spišsko-Šarišské medzihorie Depression, Bachureň Mts, and Šarišská vrchovina Highland, 1:50 000. Bratislava: Geol. Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  20. Hansen, P Ch., & O’Leary, D. (1993). The use of the L-curve in the regularization of discrete ill-posed problems. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 14(6), 1487–1503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hrubcová, P., Šroda, P., Grad, M., Geissler, W. H., Guterch, A., Vozár, J., et al. (2010). From the Variscan to the Alpine Orogeny: crustal structure of the Bohemian Massif and the Western Carpathians in the light of the SUDETES 2003 seismic data. Geophysical Journal International, 183, 611–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hvoždara, M., & Vozár, J. (2004). Laboratory and geophysical implications for explanation of the nature of the Carpathian conductivity anomaly. Acta Geophysica Polonica, 52(4), 497–508.Google Scholar
  23. Janik, T., Grad, M., Guterch, A., & CELEBRATION 2000 Working Group. (2009). Seismic structure of the lithosphere between the East European Craton and the Carpathians from the net of CELEBRATION 2000 profiles in SE Poland. Geological Quarterly, 53(1), 141–158.Google Scholar
  24. Jankowski, J., Szymański, A., Pĕč, K., Červ, K., Petr, V., Pĕčová, J., et al. (1977). Anomalous induction in the Carpathians. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 21, 35–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jankowski, J., Tarlowski, Z., Praus, O., Pěčová, J., & Petr, V. (1985). The results of deep geomagnetic soundings in the West Carpathians. Geophysical Journal International, 80, 561–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Janočko, J., Gross, P., Jacko, S., Buček, S., Karoli, S., Žec, B., et al. (2000). Geological map of the Spišská Magura region 1:50 000. Bratislava: Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  27. Kelbert, A., Meqbel, N., Egbert, G. D., & Tandon, K. (2014). ModEM: a modular system for inversion of electromagnetic geophysical data. Computers & Geosciences, 66, 40–53.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2014.01.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kiyan, D., Jones, A. G., & Vozar, J. (2014). The inability of magnetotelluric off-diagonal impedance tensor elements to sense oblique conductors in three-dimensional inversion. Geophysical Journal International, 196(3), 1351–1364.  https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggt470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Král, M. (2009). Exploration region Lipany—geothermal energy. Reconstruction of borehole Lipany-1 and longlasting hydrodynamic proving. Final report. Pezinok: Thermex. (In Slovak).Google Scholar
  30. Kucharič, Ľ., Bezák, V., Kubeš, P., Konečný, V., & Vozár, J. (2013). New magnetic anomalies of the outer Carpathians in NE Slovakia and their relationship to the Carpathian Conductivity Zone. Geological Quarterly, 57, 123–134.Google Scholar
  31. Ledo, J. (2005). 2-D versus 3-D magnetotelluric data interpretation. Surveys In Geophysics, 26(5), 511–543.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-005-1757-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Majcin, D., Král, M., Bilčík, D., Šujan, M., & Vranovská, A. (2017). Deep geothermal sources for electricity production in Slovakia: thermal conditions. Contributions to Geophysics and Geodesy.  https://doi.org/10.1515/congeo-2017-0001.Google Scholar
  33. Marschalko, R. (1975). Evolution and geotectonic significance of the Klippen Belt Cretaceous flysch in the Carpathian megastructure. Bratislava: Veda. (In Slovak, English summary).Google Scholar
  34. Nemčok, J. (1990). Geological map of Pieniny and Čergov Mts., Ľubovnianska vrchovina and Ondavská vrchovina uplands 1:50 000. Bratislava: Geol. Inst. D. Štúr.Google Scholar
  35. Nemcok, M., & Nemcok, J. (1994). Late Cretaceous deformation of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, West Carpathians. Tectonophysics, 200, 137–167.Google Scholar
  36. Oszczypko, N., Oszczypko-Clowes, M., Golonka, J., & Marko, F. (2005). Oligocene-Lower Miocene sequences of the Pieniny Klippen Belt and adjacent Magura Nappe between Jarabina and the Poprad River (East Slovakia and South Poland): their tectonic position and palaeogeographic implications. Geological Quarterly, 49(4), 379–402.Google Scholar
  37. Panáček, A., Baláž, P., Goczy, J., & Oka, B. (1987). The map of geophysical indications and interpretations. Region Spišská Magura–Pieniny–Čergov. Final report. Bratislava: Geocomplex. (In Slovak).Google Scholar
  38. Pek, J., Santos, F. A. M., Li, Y. (2012). Non-Linear Conjugate Gradient Magnetotelluric Inversion for 2-D Anisotropic Conductivities, In: R.U. Börner, K. Schwalenberg (Eds.), Proceed. 24th Schmucker-Weidelt Colloq. “Electromagnetic Depth Investigations”, Neustadt/Weinstr., (pp. 187–206).Google Scholar
  39. Plašienka, D. (2012). Early stages of structural evolution of the Carpathian Klippen Belt (Slovakian Pieniny sector). Mineralia Slovaca, 44, 1–16.Google Scholar
  40. Plašienka, D., Grecula, P., Putiš, M., Kováč, M., & Hovorka, D. (1997). Evolution and structure of the Western Carpathians: an overview. In P. Grecula, D. Hovorka, & M. Putiš (Eds.), Geological evolution of the Western Carpathians (pp. 1–24). Bratislava: Mineralia Slovaca.Google Scholar
  41. Plašienka, D., & Mikuš, M. (2010). Geological structure of the Pieniny and Šariš sectors of the Klippen Belt between the Litmanova and Drienica villages in Eastern Slovakia Bratislava. Mineralia Slovaca, 42(2), 155–178. (In Slovak, English summary).Google Scholar
  42. Plašienka, D., Soták, J., & Prokešová, R. (1998). Structural profiles across the Šambron–Kamenica Periklipen zone of the Central Carpathian Paleogene Basin in the NE Slovakia. Mineralia Slovaca, 30, 173–184.Google Scholar
  43. Ratschbacher, L., Frisch, W., Linzer, H. G., Sperner, B., Meschede, M., Decker, K., et al. (1993). The Pieniny Klippen Belt in the Western Carpathians of northeastern Slovakia: structural evidence for transpression. Tectonophysics, 228, 471–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rokityansky, I., Babak, V., & Tereshyn, A. (2014). On the Carpathian electrical conductivity anomaly depth study. Geofizicheskii Zhurnal (Geophysical Journal), 36(3), 146–159. (in Russian).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sotak, J., Pereszlenyi, M., Marschalko, R., Milicka, J., & Starek, D. (2001). Sedimentology and hydrocarbon habitat of the submarine-fan deposits of the Central Carpathian Paleogene Basin (NE Slovakia). Marine and Petroleum Geology, 18(2001), 87–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tikhonov, A. (1950). On determining electrical characteristics of the deep layers of the earth's crust. Doklady Akademii Nauk, USSR, 73(2), 295–297.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Science Institute of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Institute of Geophysics of the Czech Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Faculty of Science, Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied GeophysicsCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations