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Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 75, Issue 6, pp 1043–1056 | Cite as

Epigenetic regulators: multifunctional proteins modulating hypoxia-inducible factor-α protein stability and activity

  • Weibo Luo
  • Yingfei Wang
Review

Abstract

The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a heterodimeric transcription factor governing a transcriptional program in response to reduced O2 availability in metazoans. It contributes to physiology and pathogenesis of many human diseases through its downstream target genes. Emerging studies have shown that the transcriptional activity of HIF is highly regulated at multiple levels and the epigenetic regulators are essential for HIF-mediated transactivation. In this review, we will discuss the comprehensive regulation of HIF transcriptional activity by different types of epigenetic regulators.

Keywords

Hypoxia-inducible factor Epigenetic writer Epigenetic eraser Epigenetic reader ATP-dependent chromatin remodeler Chromatin reprogramming Gene regulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Carole Baas for language proofreading. Work in authors’ laboratories was supported by Grants from NIH (R00CA168746), CPRIT (RR140036), Susan G. Komen® (CCR16376227), Welch Foundation (I-1903-20160319), and American Cancer Society and UTSW Simmons Cancer Center (ACS-IRG-02-196) to W.L.; and NIH (R00NS078049, R35GM124693), Welch Foundation (I-1939-20170325), CPRIT-HIHR RP170671, Darrell K Royal Research Fund, TIBIR pilot Grant, and UTSW startup funds to Y. W.. W. L. is a CPRIT Scholar in Cancer Research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurology and NeurotherapeuticsUT Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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