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Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 23, pp 4329–4337 | Cite as

Periostin in vitreoretinal diseases

  • Shigeo Yoshida
  • Takahito Nakama
  • Keijiro Ishikawa
  • Shintaro Nakao
  • Koh-hei Sonoda
  • Tatsuro Ishibashi
Multi-author review

Abstract

Proliferative vitreoretinal diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), and age-related macular degeneration are a leading cause of decreased vision and blindness in developed countries. In these diseases, retinal fibro(vascular) membrane (FVM) formation above and beneath the retina plays an important role. Gene expression profiling of human FVMs revealed significant upregulation of periostin. Subsequent analyses demonstrated increased periostin expression in the vitreous of patients with both proliferative diabetic retinopathy and PVR. Immunohistochemical analysis showed co-localization of periostin with α-SMA and M2 macrophage markers in FVMs. In vitro, periostin blockade inhibited migration and adhesion induced by PVR vitreous and transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2). In vivo, a novel single-stranded RNAi agent targeting periostin showed the inhibitory effect on experimental retinal and choroidal FVM formation without affecting the viability of retinal cells. These results indicated that periostin is a pivotal molecule for FVM formation and a promising therapeutic target for these proliferative vitreoretinal diseases.

Keywords

Vitreoretinal disease Genome-wide gene expression profiling Proliferative diabetic retinopathy Proliferative vitreoretinopathy Age-related macular degeneration Fibrovascular membranes Epiretinal membranes Neovascularization Fibrosis Retina Choroid Mouse model of oxygen-induced retinal neovascularization Mouse model of laser-induced choroidal neovascuarization Single-stranded RNA interference 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Drs. Kinuko Sasada, Yuki Kubo and Yoshiyuki Kobayashi for their fruitful discussions. We also thank Ms. Masayo Eto for her excellent technical assistance. This work was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant numbers 26293374, 26670757, 15H04995 and 16K15734.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigeo Yoshida
    • 1
  • Takahito Nakama
    • 1
  • Keijiro Ishikawa
    • 1
  • Shintaro Nakao
    • 1
  • Koh-hei Sonoda
    • 1
  • Tatsuro Ishibashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyKyushu University Graduate School of Medical SciencesFukuokaJapan

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