Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 23, pp 4279–4286 | Cite as

Functions of Periostin in dental tissues and its role in periodontal tissues’ regeneration

Multi-author review

Abstract

The goal of periodontal regenerative therapy is to predictably restore the tooth’s supporting periodontal tissues and form a new connective tissue attachment of periodontal ligament (PDL) fibers and new alveolar bone. Periostin is a matricellular protein so named for its expression primarily in the periosteum and PDL of adult mice. Its biological functions have been widely studied in areas such as cardiovascular physiology and oncology. Despite being initially identified in the dental tissues and bone, investigations of Periostin functions in PDL and alveolar-bone-related physiopathology are less abundant. Recently, several studies have suggested that Periostin may be an important regulator of periodontal tissue formation. By promoting collagen fibrillogenesis and the migration of fibroblasts and osteoblasts, Periostin might play a pivotal part in regeneration of the PDL and alveolar bone following periodontal surgery. The aim of this article is to provide an extensive review of the implications of Periostin in periodontal tissue biology and its potential use in periodontal tissue regeneration.

Keywords

Periostin Periodontium Periodontal ligament Alveolar bone Periodontal regeneration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 81470719; 81611140133) to Li M.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bone Metabolism, School of Stomatology, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue RegenerationShandong UniversityJinanChina

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