Integrated foraminifera and δ13C stratigraphy across the Cenomanian–Turonian event interval in the eastern Baltic (Lithuania)

  • Agnė Venckutė-Aleksienė
  • Andrej Spiridonov
  • Andrius Garbaras
  • Sigitas Radzevičius
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

The Cenomanian–Turonian transition marks one of the most important extinction episodes of the Mesozoic era. This extinction event was associated with the development of widespread oceanic anoxia and pronounced stable carbon isotopic excursion. Despite its importance, the effects of the perturbation on higher latitude biotas, and from the Baltic region in particular, are currently underexplored. Therefore, in this contribution we present the fossil record of a foraminifera succession integrated with δ13C trends from two deep cores: Bliūdsukiai-19 from western Lithuania and Baltašiškė-267 from southern Lithuania. Two foraminiferal zones were distinguished: Rotalipora cushmani from the upper Cenomanian and Whiteinella archaeocretacea from the boundary strata between the Cenomanian and Turonian in the Baltašiškė-267 core section, and a W. archaeocretacea Zone in the Bliūdsukiai-19 core section. A chemostratigraphical analysis of the stable carbon isotopes revealed a positive Cenomanian–Turonian δ13C anomaly, with maximum values reaching 3.57‰ in the upper part of the Bliūdsukiai-19 core section. A non-metric multidimensional scaling analysis of the foraminifera communities revealed that the major changes in their assemblages were strongly temporally organized and associated with the changes in the stable carbon isotopic ratios. This fact points to the significant effects of the C–T extinction event on the northern Neotethys paleocommunities.

Keywords

Foraminifera Cretaceous Cenomanian-Turonian boundary δ13C stratigraphy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments on the article and we also thank Gailė Žaludienė (Nature Research Centre, Vilnius) for her assistance with the SEM analyses of the samples.

Supplementary material

15_2017_296_MOESM1_ESM.xls (34 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLS 34 kb)

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© Swiss Geological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Bedrock GeologyNature Research CentreVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Faculty of Chemistry and GeosciencesVilnius UniversityVilniusLithuania
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear ResearchCenter for Physical Sciences and TechnologyVilniusLithuania

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