Both interferon (IFN) α and IFNγ inhibit histidine decarboxylase expression in the HT168 human melanoma cell line
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Objective: Histamine plays an important role in a series of processes including inflammation, allergy, gastric acid secretion, neurotransmission, embryogenesis and in various tumours. Histidine decarboxylase (HDC), the enzyme solely responsible for generation of histamine is expressed in many cells including regenerating and tumour cells. HDC expression is regulated by multiple tissue factors, e.g. various cytokines and growth hormones. In this study the effect of interferon α and interferon γ on the expression of HDC and on cell proliferation in vitro on melanoma cell line.¶Methods: We used recombinant human interferon α, interferon γ and human melanoma cell line HT168.¶Results: Our data show that both IFNα and IFNγ decreased the HDC mRNA and protein expression, though with dissimilar kinetics. IFNγ strongly suppresses the proliferation at 72 h, while IFNα has a more moderate effect.¶Conclusions: Since previously the inhibitory effect of histamine on gene expression of interferon γ was detected, a reciprocal inhibition between histamine and IFN γ is proposed.
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