Recent development in antihyperalgesic effect of phytochemicals: anti-inflammatory and neuro-modulatory actions

  • Ajeet Kumar Singh
  • Sanjay Kumar
  • Manjula Vinayak
Review
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Pain is an unpleasant sensation triggered by noxious stimulation. It is one of the most prevalent conditions, limiting productivity and diminishing quality of life. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used as pain relievers in present day practice as pain is mostly initiated due to inflammation. However, due to potentially serious side effects, long term use of these antihyperalgesic drugs raises concern. Therefore there is a demand to search novel medicines with least side effects. Herbal products have been used for centuries to reduce pain and inflammation, and phytochemicals are known to cause fewer side effects. However, identification of active phytochemicals of herbal medicines and clear understanding of the molecular mechanism of their action is needed for clinical acceptance.

Materials and methods

In this review, we have briefly discussed the cellular and molecular changes during hyperalgesia via inflammatory mediators and neuro-modulatory action involved therein. The review includes 54 recently reported phytochemicals with antihyperalgesic action, as per the literature available with PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus.

Conclusion

Compounds of high interest as potential antihyperalgesic agents are: curcumin, resveratrol, capsaicin, quercetin, eugenol, naringenin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Current knowledge about molecular targets of pain and their regulation by these phytochemicals is elaborated and the scope of further research is discussed.

Keywords

Nociceptor Hypersensitivity Nociceptive receptors Inflammation Herbal medicine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to DRDO, India for financial support (Grant no. ERIP/ER/1003851/M/01/1336). Partial financial support by DST-FIST and UGC-CAS program to Department of Zoology, BHU; and UGC-UPE to BHU are also acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajeet Kumar Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sanjay Kumar
    • 1
  • Manjula Vinayak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Institute of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, CMP Degree CollegeUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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