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Inflammation Research

, Volume 64, Issue 8, pp 565–575 | Cite as

A therapeutic role for vitamin D on obesity-associated inflammation and weight-loss intervention

  • Aaron L. Slusher
  • Matthew J. McAllister
  • Chun-Jung Huang
Review

Abstract

Vitamin D plays an essential role in the regulation of skeletal metabolism as well as calcium and phosphate homeostasis, while vitamin D receptor (VDR) regulates de novo lipid synthesis, thereby contributing to the development of obesity. Furthermore, obese individuals are at a greater risk for vitamin D deficiency which may increase the potential risk for chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. While acute exercise enhances the activation of inflammatory signaling pathways, chronic exercise training may attenuate elevated pro-inflammatory cytokine production, resulting in the improvement of cardiovascular and metabolic health in obese individuals. Supplementation with vitamin D coupled with exercise or mild caloric restriction has been shown to improve markers of fitness and inflammation as well as cholesterol. Therefore, this review primarily addresses the impact of vitamin D deficiency in obesity-related inflammatory imbalances and how exercise and weight-loss interventions may enhance the beneficial effects on vitamin D-mediated inflammation in obesity.

Keywords

Vitamin D Obesity Inflammation Cardiorespiratory fitness Exercise 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Mr. J. Thomas Mock and Ms. Kathrine M. McFarland for their contributions to this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Basel 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and Health SciencesVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of KinesiologyMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  3. 3.Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science and Health PromotionFlorida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA

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