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Inflammation Research

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 81–88 | Cite as

Protective effect of retinoid against endotoxin-induced mastitis in rats

  • B.-B. Gu
  • J.-F. Miao
  • Y.-M. Zhu
  • Y.-E. Deng
  • S.-X. Zou
Article

Abstract.

Objective:

A lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced mastitis model in rats was used to study the protective effect of retinoid.

Materials and methods:

Commencing at gestation day 10, retinoid (dissolved in olive oil) or an equal volume of olive oil was administered to rats daily by gavage until parturition. LPS or pyrogen-free physiological saline was inoculated into the mammary gland 72h after parturition and the rats were euthanized at 12h post-infection.

Results:

Myeloperoxidase (MPO), N-acetyl -β-D- glucosaminidase (NAGase), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8) in mammary tissues and CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood were increased and serum MPO and IL-2 in mammary tissues were decreased 12h after LPS infusion. Retinoid decreased MPO, NAGase, and TNF-α in mammary tissue and increased IL-2 in serum. Four thousand and 8000 I.U/kg•d of retinoid significantly decreased the infiltration of PMNs in mammary alveoli and ameliorated the imbalance of CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood.

Conclusion:

These results suggest that retinoid protected against LPS-induced mastitis in a rat model.

Keywords:

Lipopolysaccharide Mastitis Retinoid Rat 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • B.-B. Gu
    • 1
  • J.-F. Miao
    • 1
  • Y.-M. Zhu
    • 2
  • Y.-E. Deng
    • 1
  • S.-X. Zou
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Veterinary MedicineNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Animal Science and Veterinary MedicineShanghai Academy of Agriculture ScienceShanghaiChina

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