Signal transduction pathways affected by nitric oxide donors during neutrophil functional response in vitro
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Objective and design:
We investigated the intracellular signalling pathways by which nitric oxide (NO) donors: diethylamine/NO (DEA/NO) and 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) regulate the functional response of human neutrophils to activating stimuli.
The phosphorylation and nitration of signalling proteins, cyclic GMP level, neutrophil respiratory burst and adhesive activities and CD11b/CD18 molecule expression on neutrophils in the presence and absence of soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitors were determined.
NO donors showed strong inhibitory effect on activated neutrophils. NO donors nitrated the tyrosine residues in signalling proteins causing a decrease in tyrosine phosphorylation and neutrophils response to activation. Diethylamine/NO employed cyclic GMP as a signalling molecule in its action on neutrophils, whereas peroxynitrite anion donor affected neutrophil functions in a cGMP-independent manner. Moreover, we observed that peroxynitrite anion can overcome the nitric oxide molecule action.
We conclude that each NO donor depending on its concentration and chemical nature may act on different elements of neutrophil signalling pathways capable of inducing distinct neutrophil functions.
Keywords:Nitric oxide donors Neutrophils cGMP Proteins nitration and phosphorylation
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