Fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, inhibits leukocyte adhesion in inflamed large blood vessels in vivo
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Objective and Design
Emerging data suggest that Rho-kinase signaling may regulate numerous aspects of inflammatory reactions. Herein, we investigated the role of Rho-kinase in inflammatory interactions between leukocytes and the endothelium in femoral arteries and veins in vivo.
Material and methods
Mice were injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Rho-kinase was inhibited by pre-treatment with fasudil, which is a highly selective inhibitor of Rho-kinase. Six hours after LPS challenge, intravital fluorescence microscopy of the femoral vessels was performed and leukocyte-endothelium interactions were visualized after in vivo staining with rhodamine 6G.
LPS increased leukocyte rolling and adhesion in femoral arteries and veins. Pre-treatment with fasudil had no effect on leukocyte rolling but significantly decreased venular leukocyte adhesion by 85% and completely abrogated leukocyte adhesion in femoral arteries in endotoxin-treated mice.
We conclude that Rho-kinase signaling regulates LPS-induced leukocyte adhesion in femoral arteries and veins in vivo and that inhibition of Rho-kinase may be useful in the treatment of pathological inflammation in large blood vessels of the vascular system.
Key words.Adhesion Inflammation Leukocyte Microcirculation Sepsis
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