# Three-Dimensional Minimal CR Submanifolds of the Sphere *S* ^{ 6 } **(1)** Contained in a Hyperplane

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## Abstract

It is well known that the sphere *S* ^{6}(1) admits an almost complex structure *J*, constructed using the Cayley algebra, which is nearly Kähler. Let *M* be a Riemannian submanifold of a manifold \({\widetilde{M}}\) with an almost complex structure *J*. It is called a CR submanifold in the sense of Bejancu (Geometry of CR Submanifolds. D. Reidel Publ. Dordrecht, 1986) if there exists a *C* ^{∞}-differentiable holomorphic distribution \({\mathcal D_1}\) in the tangent bundle such that its orthogonal complement \({\mathcal D_2}\) in the tangent bundle is totally real. If the second fundamental form vanishes on \({\mathcal D_i}\), the submanifold is \({\mathcal D_i}\)-geodesic. The first example of a three-dimensional CR submanifold was constructed by Sekigawa (Tensor N S 41:13–20, 1984). This example was later generalized by Hashimoto and Mashimo (Nagoya Math J 156:171–185, 1999). Note that both the original example as well as its generalizations are \({\mathcal D_1}\)- and \({\mathcal D_2}\)-geodesic. Here, we investigate the class of the three-dimensional minimal CR submanifolds *M* of the nearly Kähler sphere *S* ^{6}(1) which are not linearly full. We show that this class coincides with the class of \({\mathcal D_1}\)- and \({\mathcal D_2}\)- geodesic CR submanifolds and we obtain a complete classification of such submanifolds. In particular, we show that apart from one special example, the examples of Hashimoto and Mashimo are the only \({\mathcal D_1}\)- and \({\mathcal D_2}\)-geodesic CR submanifolds.

## Keywords

CR submanifold Minimal submanifold nearly Kähler six-sphere linearly full \({\mathcal D}\)-geodesic submanifolds## Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 53B20 Secondary 53B21 53B25## Preview

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