An Invariant Theory of Spacelike Surfaces in the Four-dimensional Minkowski Space
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We consider spacelike surfaces in the four-dimensional Minkowski space and introduce geometrically an invariant linear map of Weingarten-type in the tangent plane at any point of the surface under consideration. This allows us to introduce principal lines and an invariant moving frame field. Writing derivative formulas of Frenet-type for this frame field, we obtain eight invariant functions. We prove a fundamental theorem of Bonnet-type, stating that these eight invariants under some natural conditions determine the surface up to a motion.
We show that the basic geometric classes of spacelike surfaces in the four-dimensional Minkowski space, determined by conditions on their invariants, can be interpreted in terms of the properties of the two geometric figures: the tangent indicatrix, and the normal curvature ellipse.
We apply our theory to a class of spacelike general rotational surfaces.
Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)Primary 53A35 Secondary 53B25
KeywordsSpacelike surfaces in the four-dimensional Minkowski space Weingarten-type linear map Bonnet-type fundamental theorem general rotational surfaces in Minkowski space
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