Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras

, Volume 18, Issue 3–4, pp 807–841 | Cite as

Geometric Formulation of the Many-Electron Theory



We present a systematic analysis of the time-dependent problem with an accurate formulation based on geometric algebra. This provides a systematic definition of the configuration space, of the external potentials, of the one electron operators for a many electron system, and of the electron-electron interaction terms. We arrive both to a formal equation for the total energy and to the equation for the time-evolution of the wave function. From this using the new geometric notation and the indistinguishability and equivalence of the electrons and the fact that we are interested either in the ground state or in states near the ground state, we formulate a variational problem from which a set of tractable equations, which self-consistently define the many electron wave function and density, is obtained. The equation of motion for Ψ(t) is given.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000).

15A63 15A66 11E88 


Many-electron Hartree–Fock Density Functional Theory Computational Methods Electronic Structure Quadratic Forms Ground State Many electron time dependent exchange correlation 


01.55.+b 31.15.Ew 71.10.-w 71.15.Mb 03.65.Ge 


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Copyright information

© Birkhauser 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Física y Química Teórica, Facultad de QuímicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico D.F.Mexico
  2. 2.Center for Computational Materials ScienceTechnical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institut für Sensoren und Signale (FHA)University of Applied SciencesWindischSwitzerland

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