Nowadays, architecture tends to follow the Modernist values that neglect the design languages inherited from the cultures of the past. This tendency leads to the separation of the present and the past that threatens the cultural continuity. This research aims to achieve cultural continuity in contemporary architecture by developing a new architectural language based on cosmogenic patterns of pre-Modernism to create buildings that preserve the inherited cultural ideas in contemporary architecture. The research used two combined analytical approaches to capture these patterns. The first was to identify the different cosmological models of pre-Modernism by adopting Edward Harrison’s classification of the developmental stages of human awareness of cosmic order. The second was to identify the cosmogenic patterns introduced by these models by adopting Christopher Alexander’s strategy for discovering and documenting patterns. This research captured the pre-Modernist cosmogenic patterns used in formulating a contemporary architectural language that reflects the inherited culture.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
The death of Modernism was proclaimed when the Pruitt-Igoe housing in St Louis, which was a symbol of what went wrong in Modern architecture, was demolished on 15 July 1972 (Heathcott 2012).
The term “complex system” is adopted by complexity theory to refer to the natural whole systems that exhibit complexity in fields such as biology, physics, sociology, linguistics, and meteorology. Complexity differs from complication, as a complicated object is merely composed of some aggregations that lack the wholeness and integration that distinguish the true complexity (Taborsky 2014: 51–53).
Abu-Orf, Hazem and Sulaiman Wafi. 2020. A Continuity of the Past in Contemporary Architecture: Investigating a “Cultural Continuity. International Research Journal of Advanced Engineering and Science: 288–294.
Akkach, Samer. 2012. Cosmology and Architecture in Pre-Modern Islam. New York: SUNY Press.
Alexander, Christopher. 1964. Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Alexander, Christopher . 1965. A City is Not a Tree. Sustasis Press/Off The Common Books.
Alexander, Christopher . 1979. The Timeless Way of Building. New York: Oxford University Press.
Alexander, Christopher . 2002. The Phenomenon of Life. California: The Center for Environmental Structure.
Atmodiwirjo, Paramita and Yandi Andri Yatmo. 2015. Architecture as Machine; Towards an Architectural System for Human Well-Being. Valencia: Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. https://doi.org/10.4995/LC2015.2015.679.
Barnatt, John and Peter Herring. 1986. Stone Circles and Megalithic Geometry: An Experiment to Test Alternative Design Practices. Journal of Archaeological Science 13(5): 431-449. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(86)90013-0.
Ching, Francis D., Mark M. Jarzombek and Vitamaditya Prakash. 2017. A Global History of Architecture. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.
Cromwell, Peter R. 1999. Polyhedra. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Escrig, F. 2006. The Great Structures in Architecture: Antiquity to Baroque. Boston: WIT Press.
Ettinghausen, Richard, Oleg Grabar and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. 2003. Islamic Art and Architecture 650-1250. Singapore: Yale University Press.
Goodall, John. 2011. The Lodgings of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland (circa 1449–1489), Warkworth Castle, Northumberland. In: Z. Opačić & A. Timmermann, eds. Architecture, Liturgy and Identity: Liber Amicorum Paul Crossley, 61–66. Turnhout: Brepols.
Field, J. V. 1997. The Invention of Infinity: Mathematics and Art in the Renaissance. USA: Oxford University Press.
Field, J. V. 2013. Kepler’s Geometrical Cosmology. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
Fletcher, Bannister. 1931. A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method. London: Batsford.
Fletcher, Rachel. 2007. Squaring the Circle: Marriage of Heaven and Earth. Nexus Network Journal 9(1): 119-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-006-0033-7.
Haddad, Elie. 2009. Charles Jencks and the historiography of Post-Modernism. The Journal of Architecture 14(4): 493-510.
Harries, Karsten. 2002. Infinity and Perspective. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Harrison, Edward. 2003. Masks of the Universe: Changing Ideas on the Nature of the Cosmos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hawkins, Gerald S. 2002. Mindsteps to the Cosmos. New Jersey: World Scientific.
Heathcott, Joseph. 2012. Planning Note: Pruitt-Igoe and the Critique of Public Housing. Journal of the American Planning Association 78(4):450–451.
Hemenway, Priya. 2005. Divine proportion: Phi in Art, Nature, and Science. New York: Sterling Publishing Company.
Hisarligil, Hakan and Beyhan Bolak Hisarligil. 2018. The Geometry of Cuboctahedra in Medieval Art in Anatolia. Nexus Network Journal 20(1): 125-152.
Horne, C. E. 2000. Geometric Symmetry in Patterns and Tilings. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing.
Jencks, Charles. 1997. The Architecture of the Jumping Universe: A Polemic: How Complexity Science is Changing Architecture and Culture. London: Academy Editions.
Jencks, Charles and Nathan Silver. 2013. Adhocism: The Case for Improvisation. London: Mit Press.
Jones, Owen. 1868. The Grammar of Ornament. London: B. Quaritch.
Kepler, Johann. 1997. The Harmony of the World. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Lawlor, Robert. 1982. Sacred Geometry: Philosophy and Practice. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.
Levin, Robert. 1978. Review: The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37(2): 239-240.
Malinowski, Bronislaw. 2014. Magic, Science and Religion and Other Essays. Boston: Beacon Press.
Martineau, Harriet. 2000. The positive philosophy of Auguste Comte. 1 ed. Kitchener: Batoche Books.
Mitrović, Branko. 2004. Leon Battista Alberti and the Homogeneity of Space. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 63(4): 424-439. https://doi.org/10.2307/4128013.
Padovan, Richard. 1999. Proportion: Science, Philosophy, Architecture. London: Spon Press.
Passinmäki, Pekka. 2013. Can the new cosmology, cosmogenesis, serve as a basis for a shared value system in architecture? On Charles Jencks. Arq: Architectural Research Quarterly 17(1): 19–23.
Pennick, Nigel. 1980. Sacred Geometry: Symbolism and Purpose in Religious Structures. London: Turnstone Press.
Popko, Edward. S. 2012. Divided Spheres: Geodesics and the Orderly Subdivision of the Sphere. New York: AK Peters Press.
Preziosi, Donald. 1979. Architecture, Language and Meaning: The Origins of the Built World and Its Semiotic Organization. PARIS: Mouton Publishers.
Rossi, Corinna. 2003. Architecture and Mathematics in Ancient Egypt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Salingaros, Nikos A. 2000. The Structure of Pattern Languages. Architectural Research Quarterly 4: 146-161.
Salingaros, Nikos A. 2006. A Theory of Architecture. Nepal: Vajra Books.
Segal, R. 2011. Unit, Pattern, Site: The Space Packed Architecture of Alfred Neumann, 1949–1968. Ph.D. thesis, Princeton University.
Senechal, Marjorie. 2013. Introduction to the Polyhedron Kingdom. In: M. Senechal, ed. Shaping Space: Exploring Polyhedra in Nature, Art, and the Geometrical Imagination, 3-11. New York: Springer.
Senhaji, Mohammed and Rachid Benslimane. 2018. Automatic 3D Muqarnas Architectural Patterns Reconstruction Using Plane Representation. Journal of Cultural Heritage 35: 25-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2017.12.004.
Svenshon, Helge and Rudolf H. W. Stichel. 2015. Systems of Monads in the Hagia Sophia. In: K. Williams and M. J. Ostwald, eds. Architecture and Mathematics from Antiquity: Volume I: Antiquity to the 1500s, 229-242. Cham: Birkhäuser.
Taborsky, Paul 2014. Is complexity a scientific concept? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 47: 51-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2014.06.003.
Whiteside, Derek T. 1961. Patterns of Mathematical Thought in the Later Seventeenth Century. Archive for history of exact sciences 1(3): 179-388. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00327940.
Wilkinson, Richard H. 2000. The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson.
Yeomans, Richard. 2006. The Art and Architecture of Islamic Cairo. Southern Court: Garnet Publishing.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Allam, D., Hegazi, Y.S., Abo-Ashour, M.A. et al. Cosmogenic Pattern Language: Toward an Architectural Language Based on the Cosmogenic Patterns of Pre-Modernism. Nexus Netw J (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00004-021-00547-y
- Pattern languages
- Cosmogenic architecture
- Cosmology history
- Cosmic order
- Human awareness
- Architectural language