Effect of ultrasonic waves on crystallization from a supersaturated solution of alum
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The effect of ultrasonic waves on the particle size and distribution of precipitated crystals from a slowly cooled supersaturated solution of ammonium aluminium sulphate hydrate was investigated. It was found that ultrasonic irradiation greatly promoted the homogeneity in particle sizes of the crystals precipitated. Average particle sizes of both the mechanical stirred and the ultrasonically treated samples did not change much if the initial solute concentration was beyond the saturation solubility of the solution. The higher acoustic intensity of the higher frequency ultrasonic transducer resulted in a larger average particle size in the recrystallization process.
KeywordsRecrystallization Average Particle Size Initial Solute Ultrasonic Wave Ultrasonic Irradiation
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