Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 27, Issue 3–4, pp 219–228 | Cite as

Cytosolic thymidine kinase activity in cultured human fibroblasts from individuals with galactokinase deficiency

  • J. Baptista
  • M. Brivet
  • N. Kadhom
  • M. Gautier
  • A. Lemonnier


The structural genes for human galactokinase (GALK) and the human cytosolic form of thymidine kinase (TK1) are located on 17q21–q22. These two loci are tightly linked, and studies on Chinese hamster cell lines have shown that the expression of TK1 and GALK genes may alter simultaneously. We investigated the possibility of a dependent mutation of TK1 and GALK genes in cultured fibroblasts obtained from two patients homozygous for the GALKG-deficient gene. Since we showed that the TK1 level varies as a function of the passage and the growth rate of a given strain, our experiments were performed on nonstored skin fibroblasts, between the third and the fifth passage for both controls and patients. We found that TK1 levels in GALK-deficient cells were almost 75% of those observed in control strains with a similar growth rate. Previous results in the literature have shown a pronounced decrease in TK1 activity in three GALK-deficient fibroblastic strains. We suggest that these disparities of TK1 levels in GALK-deficient fibroblasts may be related either to genetic heterogeneity of GALK deficiency or to differences in culture conditions.

Key words

thymidine kinase galactokinase fibroblasts cell culture 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Baptista
    • 1
  • M. Brivet
    • 1
  • N. Kadhom
    • 2
  • M. Gautier
    • 2
  • A. Lemonnier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Central de BiochimieHôpital BicêtreLe Kremlin-Bicêtre CedexFrance
  2. 2.INSERM U 56Hôpital BicêtreLe Kremlin-Bicêtre CedexFrance

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